Periodontal Conditions and Metabolic Control Markers in Diabetic Patients

Darcyla Maria de Aguiar BELLO, Natália Costa ARAÚJO, Estela Santos GUSMÃO, Paulo Roberto Eleutério de SOUZA, Nikos DONOS, Renata CIMÕES

Abstract


Objective: Evaluate the periodontal condition in diabetic patients type 2, relating to markers of metabolic control.
Methods: 92 diabetic patients who received treatment in two centers in Recife, Brazil, had been invited to participate in this study. It was carried through periodontal clinical examinations in six sites of each tooth, evaluating the depth probing, bleeding probing, attachment loss, dental plaque and the number of teeth present. Periodontal disease was defined as the presence of 4 + sites with attachment loss of ≥ 5 mm with one or more than these sites with depth probing of 4 + mm. Hematologic examinations were carried out to evaluate the metabolic markers (Glycosylated Hemoglobin, fasting blood glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, cholesterol HDL and LDL). Bi-variate analysis were used to verified the association between variables.
Results: Evaluation of periodontal condition in the sample have shown 59.8% of diabetic patients had periodontal diseases, characterized as periodontitis. The average of age observed was 54.8 years with DP= 9.3, average of bleed on probing and plaque index were 33.8% and 61.07%, respectively. The majority of patients with raised glicemic levels (≥126 mg/dL) had presented DP (62,3%), in relation to the lipidic profile the patients with periodontal disease had been presented controlled.
Conclusion: In the studied population there were no signs of any association between the periodontal condition and the markers of metabolic control.

Keywords


Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2; Periodontite; Doença Periodontal; Hemoglobina Glicada; Glicose sanguínea



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/pboci.v11i3.1015

PBOCI IS A MEMBER OF CROSSREF AND ALL THE CONTENT OF ITS JOURNALS ARE LINKED BY DOIS THROUGH CROSSREF.