Profile of Special Needs Patients Assisted at a Private Higher Education Institution

Elisangela Fernandez PREVITALI, Maria Cristina Duarte FERREIRA, Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues SANTOS

Abstract


Objective: To characterize the profile of patients with special needs who received dental treatment in a Private Higher Education Institution.
Methods: In this descriptive and retrospective study, 628 medical files from individuals with special needs who received dental treatment from the Discipline of Dentistry for Special Patients at UNICSUL, São Paulo, SP between 2001 and 2008 were reviewed. Data collection were related to sex, age, medical disabling condition, reason for consultation, continuous use of psychotropic drugs, dental care performed, radiographs taken and time spent in treatment. Data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics (Chi-square test) using SPSS program (15.0 version) with significance level set at 5%.
Results: It was observed a significant difference between the sexes for physical disability (p=0.020) and seizure disorders (p = 0.001), with higher percentages for females, and for heart problems (p = 0.001), hypertension (p = 0.023), and diabetes mellitus (p = 0.001) with higher percentages for males. The individuals with physical disabilities received treatment in all age groups, and individuals with chronic systemic diseases over the age of 40. The need of dental care was the reason for searching dental care. Most individuals with psychiatric disorders (88.6%) and seizure disorders (87.5%) were under therapy with psychotropic drugs. Restorative, periodontal, surgical and endodontic treatment accounted to 54.1%, 42.2%, 33.1% and to 16.6% of the procedures, respectively. The mean treatment time was less than three months in 46.5% of the sample. As much as 46.7% of the individuals completed from dental treatment.
Conclusion: Women with physical disabilities of all ages and men with chronic systemic diseases aged over 40 years were those that most sought and received dental treatments.

Keywords


Pessoas com deficiência, Perfil de saúde, Odontologia.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/pboci.v12i1.1058

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