Epidemiological and Attitudinal Oral Health Profile of Pregnant Women Attending the Public Health Service of Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil

Renata Tolêdo ALVES, Aline da Silva OLIVEIRA, Isabel Cristina Gonçalves LEITE, Luiz Cláudio RIBEIRO, Rosangela Almeida RIBEIRO

Abstract


Objective: To determine the epidemiological and attitudinal oral health profile of pregnant women attending the public health service of Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil, in order to determine the dental conditions, treatment needs, periodontal conditions and attitudes with respect to diet, oral hygiene, bidirectional relationship between oral health and pregnancy, beliefs and myths related to oral health and dental assistance.
Method: 312 pregnant women aged 14 to 43 years were included. The clinical examination determined the dental condition according to the DMF-T, index and the treatment needs and periodontal condition were determined using the Community Periodontal Index (CPI), according to guidelines and criteria recommended by the WHO. The attitudes were evaluated by an individual interview. Data were subjected to descriptive analysis.
Results: The mean DMF-T index in the sample was 10.79 (± 6.08), being 7.92 (± 5.08) among adolescents and 14.85 (± 5.15) among adults. The most frequent treatment need among pregnant women was restoration (71.5%). Gingival bleeding and dental calculus were the most frequent periodontal conditions (74.7% and 67.6%, respectively). T|he form used to evaluate the attitudes had good internal consistency (Cronbach alpha = 0.82). The analysis of the attitudes evaluated by the subscales of the instrument showed an increase in the frequency of feeding and low use of dental floss after each meal. Although the pregnant women perceived oral alterations after pregnancy, most of them did not know or did not agree with the existence between oral condition and the fetus and/or delivery.
Conclusion: The pregnant women presented poor oral health. Unfavorable attitudes were identified among the oral aspects evaluated in the study. The obtained results will support the planing and performance of educational campaigns and dental care programs directed to this population, aiming at the mother-child health.

Keywords


Epidemiologia; Gestantes; Saúde bucal; Atitudes; Epidemiology; Pregnant women; Oral health; Attitude.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/pboci.v10i3.1093

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