Socioeconomic Factors Associated with Prosthetic Treatment Needs, Dental Conditions and Oral Health Self-Perception in an Institutionalized Elderly Population

Raphael Freitas de Azevedo LEITÃO, Amanda Camurça AZEVEDO, Roberta Ferreti BONAN, Paulo Rogério Ferreti BONAN, Franklin Delano Soares FORTE, André Ulisses Dantas BATISTA

Abstract


Objectives: The aim of this study was to verify the existence of association between socioeconomic factors, dental prosthetic treatment needs, dental conditions and oral health self-perception in an elderly institutionalized population in the city of João Pessoa, PB, Brazil, on the basis of a descriptive approach.
Methods: Using a cross-sectional and descriptive design, this study was conducted with 43 institutionalized elderly volunteers, who underwent a demographic survey, GOHAI index and dental clinical examinations to verify the presence of total edentulism as well as need and use of dentures. Data were analyzed descriptively in percentage and absolute values. Statistical analysis was performed by Fischer's exact test (p less than 0.05) using SPSS software version 13.0.
Results: Among the elderly volunteers, 81.4% were females, and the mean age was 75 ± 9 years (age range from 60 to 94 years old). Most of the sample (61.9%) was illiterate, with a monthly income of one minimum wage (88.1%); 48.8% were single and 48.8% of the sample had no children. Total edentulism affected 62.7% of the sample and, out of these, only 25.9% were denture wearers, while 74.1% needed prosthetic treatment. There was a statistically significant association between illiteracy and non-use of dentures (p=0.04). GOHAI index varied according to the sociodemographic and oral conditions.
Conclusion: The profile of the institutionalized population evaluated in this survey was mostly composed of single, illiterate, totally edentulous, non-denture wearer females registered on social welfare, needing prosthetic treatment and with a poor oral self-perception.

Keywords


Autopercepção; Edentulismo; Idosos



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/pboci.v12i2.1210

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