Graduation and Work Market Perspectives As Seen by Undergraduate Dental Students

Kevan Guilherme Nóbrega BARBOSA, Joselúcia da Nóbrega DIAS, Gigliana Maria Sobral CAVALCANTE, Lorena Marques da NÓBREGA, Ana Flávia GRANVILLE-GARCIA, Sérgio D’ÁVILA

Abstract


Objective: To identify the socioeconomic profile of undergraduate dental students of a public Dental School at the State of Paraíba, Brazil and their expectations of the work market.
Method: This study was a cross-sectional investigation comprising 151 undergraduate dental students chosen randomly from a total of 296 regularly enrolled students. Data were collected using a questionnaire and were subjected to descriptive analysis, with distribution of absolute and relative frequencies, and Verosimility Ratio (VR) was applied because the conditions for the Chi-square and Fisher’s exact tests were not fulfilled. The significance level was set at 5%.
Results: The number of questionnaires answered (n=151) was similar among all years of graduation, which provided a proportional quantitative representation of the studied sample. The sample comprised female students (52.3%), aged up to 26 years (93.2%) and single (91.4%). The choice for Dentistry was due to personal fulfillment (60.3%) and to become a heath professional (39.1%). At the beginning of the undergraduate course, 38% of the students expected a good upbringing in clinical practice and there is a tendency among the students to attend Graduate programs.
Conclusion: Based on the obtained results, the profile of the students of this Dental School is represented mostly by young single women, with family income between 1 and 3 minimum wages, dedicated exclusively to the university. The choice for the course was motivated by personal fulfillment and there is a tendency to attend Graduate programs, with surgery being the area of greatest interest.

Keywords


Educação em Odontologia; Recursos Humanos em Odontologia; Estudantes de Odontologia



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/pboci.v13i1.1405

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