Introducing of the Novel Midsagittal Line for Diagnosis of Craniofacial Asymmetry With P.A Cephalometry Radiography

Mortesa ORDOBAZARI, A Hamid ZAFARMAND, Ali Naghavi ALHOSSEINI, Atousa ORDOBAZARI

Abstract


Objective: Determination of midsagittal reference line (MSL) for craniofacial asymmetries assessment by drawing a line from crista gali parallel to true vertical line in PA cephalometry , using NHP technique.
Method: 60 samples (30 males and 30 females, within the age range of 9-13 years old Iranian population) were selected with normal Class I occlusion without any history of orthodontic or jaw surgery treatments in Department of Orthodontics, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran. Iran, 2009-2010. Patients had no supernumerary or missing teeth and any skeletal anomaly. PA cephalometry radiographs were taken from all samples with NHP technique. The midsagittal line was also traced parallel to the hanging chain from our selected intracranial reference point (Crista gali). This line is a true vertical line. True horizontal line traced perpendicular to the hanging chain from Crista gali (Cg). We assessed craniofacial symmetry with linear, angular and trigonometrical measurements in PA cephalometric radiographs by NHP technique, using true vertical and horizontal lines. The mean differences of above measurements in left and right sides were analyzed by T- test.
Results: Each variable was measured independently; then the mean values and S.D was calculated separately. Also, transverse ratios were prepared in our samples (age range of 9-13 years). All patients were from Iranian decent. For midsagittal line (MSL) validity, the ANS (Anterior Nasal Spine) distance in the middle third and Me (Menton) distance in lower third from MSL was measured.
Conclusion: Findings of this study showed that P.A.cephalometry with NHP technique could assess the facial symmetry with the rate 96% confidence interval. Therefore, the introduced midsagittal line by using NHP Technique, could prove the ability for diagnosis of facial asymmetries.

Keywords


Posição Natural da Cabeça (PNC); Linha sagital mediana; Assimetria facial; Linha vertical verdadeira; Linha horizontal verdadeira.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/pboci.v11i3.1485

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