Edentulism, Denture Use and Need and Associated Factors in a Brazilian Northeastern City

Júlia Julliêta MEDEIROS, Larycia Vicente RODRIGUES, Amanda Camurça AZEVEDO, Eufrasio Andrade LIMA-NETO, Liliane dos Santos MACHADO, Ana Maria Gondim VALENÇA

Abstract


Introduction: In Brazil, the elderly population grows with the increase of life expectancy, representing a responsibility to the public managers in the perspective of offering adequate attention with epidemiological knowledge for an effective planing of public policies. As far as oral health is concerned, edentulism is the most important indicator for this population.
Objective: To assess the association between the endpoints edentulism/denture use and need and sociodemographic and access data in adults and elderly in a Brazilian northeastern city (Bayeux - PB).
Method: An inductive approach with a descriptive and comparative-statistical approach was used, as well as intensive (oral exams) and extensive (questionnaires) direct observation. Examination of oral conditions was performed by a previously calibrated examiner in a probabilistic sample of adults (n=64) and elderly (n=22), according to the criteria established by the WHO. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and logistic regression (p less than 0.10).
Results: The risk factors identified for denture need were: age (OR = 1.07), self-referred dental care need (OR = 32.02) and seeking the dentist for dental extraction (OR = 5.58) and treatment (OR = 14.69).
Conclusion: The prevalence of edentulism in adults and elderly in the evaluated city is high, being expressive the denture need. Higher need of denture was observed in the older patients who reported needing dental care for alleged tooth extraction or treatment reasons.

Keywords


Perda de dente; Saúde bucal; Idoso



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/pboci.v12i4.1661

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