Dental Anxiety in Elementary Schoolchildren

Elisabete Rabaldo BOTTAN, Juciele Dall OGLIO, Silvana Marchiori de ARAÚJO

Abstract


Objective: To identify the percentage of students with dental anxiety. Method: A transversal exploratory study was designed involving 976 schoolchildren aged 9 to 17 years from three public schools located in the urban perimeter of the city of Campos Novos (SC). Data collection instruments were questionnaires adapted from the Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) and Dental Fear Survey (DFS). Results: 84% of the subjects manifested anxiety, most of them being classified as low-anxiety individuals. Girls were a little more anxious than boys (87% versus 81%). The relationship between age group and percentage of anxious patients indicates a decrease in the frequency for older individuals. The most frequently mentioned physiological responses were accelerated heart beat and tremors. The triggering factors were “to see” or “to hear the noise of” the dental bur and anesthesia. Most subjects (84.5%) affirmed to have visited a dental office in the past two years and 63.5% of them reported that the dental appointments were scheduled for restorative purposes. Conclusion: Dental anxiety was present in this population in a high percentage.

Keywords


Comportamento infantil; Relações dentista-paciente; Ansiedade ao tratamento odontológico; Child Behavior; Dentist-Patient Relations; Dental anxiety.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/pboci.v7i3.169

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