Periodontal Disease as a Risk Factor for Cerebrovascular Accidents

Cláudia Régia de Souza DIAS, Karoline Guará Brusaca ALMEIDA, Kristine Guará Brusaca Almeida SCHEIBE, Antônio Luiz Amaral PEREIRA, Adriana de Fátima Vasconcelos PEREIRA, Cláudia Maria Coêlho ALVES

Abstract


Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases, among which cerebrovascular accidents, are responsible for 20% of all casualties annually. Studies have evidenced the association of periodontal diseases with factors inherent to the host, smoking, systemic diseases, stress, obesity, among others. Recently, the periodontal disease has been investigated as a risk factor for the occurrence of cerebrovascular accidents. Objective: To analyze the relationship existing between cerebrovascular accidents and periodontal disease by the evidences in the literature because both are highly prevalent diseases in the current society. Conclusion: Although studies have shown evidences of periodontal disease as a risk factor for cerebrovascular accidents, the biological mechanisms that link these diseases have not yet been fully elucidated. Additional studies should be performed to clarify this association, as well as preventive measures should be undertaken in order to avoid the occurrence of both diseases.

Keywords


Doenças periodontais; Acidente cerebrovascular; Fatores de risco; Periodontal diseases; Cerebrovascular accident; Risk factors.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/pboci.v7i3.183

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