Prevalence of Early Childhood Caries in Children Aged 6 to 36 Months Attending Public Day Care Centers in Caruaru, PE, Brazil

Shirley Suely Veras Vieira MACIEL, Renata Lúcia Cruz Cabral de OLIVEIRA, Ana Carolina Alencar FERNANDES, Henrique Caballero STEINHAUSER, Maria Jucileide Silva TORRES, Maradulce Neves de Britto FREIRE, Marcela Sales FRANCA

Abstract


Purpose: To describe the prevalence early childhood caries in children aged 6 to 36 months attending public day care centers in the city of Caruaru/PE and its association with the children’s characteristics, as well as to assess the knowledge of parents/guardians of oral health. Method: A transversal study design was established. Information regarding oral health was collected and the dental conditions of the children were examined. Information regarding the gestational characteristics and the child weight at birth was gathered by means of Sinasc (System of Information about Liveborn Infants). For the association tests by the chi-square statistical test to evaluate the relationship between the dependent variables (deft) and independent variables, the Epi-info software version 6.04 was used. Results: Out of 168 children enrolled in this study, 14.65 teeth per children were evaluated on average. Out of these, 62.3% were sound and only 3.3% were decayed. 92.9% of the parents/guardians were aware that their children had primary teeth and knew their importance. 78.6% used to brush their children’s teeth; 74.4% knew how their children’s teeth were, although only 16.2% identified dental caries and 6% reported that their child had toothache. Only 12.5% had been to the dentist, being 27.3% for routine clinical visit and control. Of the 22.6% children that had dental caries, 79.4% were bottle-fed at night; 40.7% of them consumed sugared nursing bottle and 30.4% consumed sweets between meals, this consumption being increased at 25 months of age. Conclusions: The incidence of dental caries increases with age, as a consequence of the increase of the number of erupted teeth and the consumption of sugar in the diet.

Keywords


Cárie dentária; Açúcar; Criança; Dental caries; Sugar; Children.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/pboci.v7i1.212

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