Socioeconomic Profile of Patients Treated at the Children's Rehabilitation Center of Natal, state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil

Geni Medeiros Barros, Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues Santos

Abstract


Objective: To describe the socio-epidemiological profile of patients treated at the Children's Rehabilitation Center of Natal, Brazil, which is a reference institution in the treatment of patients with special needs aged 0-18 years. Material and Methods: Medical records and statistics (SAME) from January to December 2010 were analyzed, totaling 846 medical records. Data were collected through pre-elaborated evaluation form, with socioeconomic information, medical clinical condition (ICD), and dental clinical status. A retrospective descriptive study was conducted, presenting data in absolute frequencies and percentages. The intersection of data, applying the chi-square test was not statistically significant (p <5%). R 2.13.1 and Minitab 14 were used. Results: There was prevalence of males (60.52%); age group 0-5 years (52.36%); mesoregion of eastern Rio Grande do Norte (62.53%); income below the minimum wage (78.6%); equivalence between diseases of the nervous system (G) (30.97%), congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities (Q) (30.73%); in males, mental and behavioral disorders (F) were prevalent (31.64%), and in females, diseases of the nervous system (G) were prevalent (32.33%); in dental records, the performance of preventive procedures was reported in 18.71%; restorative procedures in 45.7% and surgical. procedures in 21.8% The average number of decayed teeth was higher in individuals aged over 12 years (5.1), while the standard deviation ranged from 6 to 12 (2.5). Conclusion: The profile of patients is characterized by the predominance of male children with mental and behavioral disorders (F), aged 0-5 years living in the mesoregion of eastern Rio Grande do Norte and income less than one minimum wage. Preventive dental procedures accounted for the highest number of procedures.

Keywords


Assistência odontológica; Cárie dentária; Anormalidades congênitas

Full Text:

PDF

References


Fourniol Filho A. Introdução ao estudo da odontologia sobre pacientes especiais. In: Fourniol Filho A. Pacientes especiais e a odontologia. 2. ed. São Paulo: Santos; 1998. p. 3-26.

Miller NB. Ninguém é perfeito: vivendo e crescendo com crianças que têm necessidades especiais. Campinas: Papirus; 1995.

Resende VLS. A Odontologia e o paciente especial. J CRO-MG 1998;18:12.

Brasil. Ministério da Saúde. Coordenação de Atenção a Grupos Especiais. Programa de Atenção à Pessoa Portadora de Deficiência. Brasília; 1993.

Ravaglia C. El Problema de la salud bucodental de los pacientes discapacitados y especiales em America Latina. Revista Fola/Oral 1997; (9):162-5.

Ministério da Saúde (BR), Secretaria Nacional de Assistência à Saúde, Coordenação Nacional de Saúde Bucal Integrada ao Paciente. Programa Nacional de Assistência Odontológica Especial: Brasília; 1992

Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. Censo demográfico 2000: características gerais da população. Rio de Janeiro: IBGE; 2003. 178p.

Lima NM. Legislação federal básica na área da pessoa portadora de deficiência. Brasília: Secretaria Especial dos Direitos Humanos, Coordenadoria Nacional para Integração da Pessoa Portadora de Deficiência; 2007.

Carvalho EMC, Araújo RPC. [The oral health of mental and behaviour disturbance patients]. Pesq Bras Odontoped Clin Integr 2004; 4(1):65-75.

Centro de Documentação e Informação do Portador de Deficiência [homepage na Internet]. [acesso em 2006 Jan 10]. Deficientes no Brasil; [aproximadamente 2 telas]. Disponível em: http//www.cedipod.org.br/ ibge1htm.

Castro AM, Marchesoti MGN, Oliveira FSO. Avaliação do tratamento odontológico de pacientes com necessidades especiais sob anestesia geral. Rev Odontol UNESP 2010; 39(3):137-42.

Previtali EF, Ferreira MCD, Santos Rodrigues MTB. Pesq Bras Odontoped Clin Integr 2012; 12(1):77-82.

Lewis D. Summary of: prevalence of oral diseases and oral-health-related quality of life in people with severe mental illness undertaking community-based psychiatric care. Br Dent J 2012; 213(9):462-3.

Baron-Cohen S, Auyeung B, Norgaard-Pedersen B, Hougaard DM, Abdallah MW, Melgaard L, Cohen AS, Chakrabarti B, Ruta L, Lombardo MV. Elevated fetal steroidogenic activity in autism. Molecular Psychiatry 2015; 20:369-76.

Filges I, Sparagana S, Sargent M, Selby K, Schlade-Bartusiak K, Lueder GT, Robichaux-Viehoever A, Schlaggar BL, Shimony JS, Shinawi M. Brain MRI abnormalities and spectrum of neurological and clinical findings in three patients with proximal 16p11.2 microduplication. Am J Med Genet A 2014; 164A(8):2003-12

Frazier TW, Thompson L, Youngstrom EA, Law P, Hardan AY, Eng C, Morris NA. Twin study of heritable and shared environmental contributions to autism. J Autism Dev Disord 2014; 44(8):2013-25.

Kadyrov M, Moser G, Rath W, Kweider N, Wruck CJ, Pufe T, Huppertz B. Maternal-placental interactions and fetal programming. Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol 2013; 217(3):88-94.

Barros MEB, Vieira LFD, Bergamin MP, Scarabelli RS. [Articulations between health and work: report of an experience in a public hospital, Vitória, Brazil]. Cad Saúde Coletiva 2006;14:451-68.

Peres AS, Peres SHCS, Silva RHA. Atendimento a pacientes especiais: reflexão sobre os aspectos éticos e legais. Rev Fac Odontol Lins 2005;17(1):49-53.

Pucca Júnior G. [The national politics of buccal health as social demand]. Ciênc Saúde Coletiva 2006;11(1):243-46.

Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia e Traumatologia Buco-maxilo-facial. [acesso em 2007 Out 10]. Resolução CFO 22/2001; [aproximadamente 25 telas]. Disponível em: http://www.bucomaxilo.org. br/index.php?go=leg_re22.

Teixeira A, Oliveira F. Relatório sobre a prevalência de deficiências, incapacidades e desvantagens: sistematização dos estudos realizados em 21 cidades brasileiras, com a metodologia de entrevistas domiciliares da Organização Pan-Americana de Saúde - OPS. Niterói: OPS; 2004.

Elias MP, Monteiro LMC, Chaves CR. [Accessibility of legal benefits available in Rio de Janeiro for physically handicapped people]. Ciênc Saúde Coletiva 2008;13(3):1041-50.

Marra PS, Miasato JM. [The oral health of patients with special needs and its connection with the parent’s social and economic level]. Rev Bras Odontol 2008; 65(1):27-30.

Shyama M, Al-Mutawa SA, Honkala S, Honkala E. Supervised tooth brushing and oral health education program in Kuwait for children and young adults with Down syndrome. Spec Care Dentist 2003; 23(3):94-9.

Glassman P, Caputo A, Dougherty N, Lyons R, Messieha Z, Miler C, et al. Special care dentistry association consensus statement on sedation, anesthesia and alternative techniques for people with special needs. Spec Care Dent 2009; 29:2-8.

Santos BMO, Aquino DJN, Fernandes DR. [Epidemiological profile of people with special needs assisted at a dental clinic]. RBPS 2008; 21(2):83-91.




PBOCI IS A MEMBER OF CROSSREF AND ALL THE CONTENT OF ITS JOURNALS ARE LINKED BY DOIS THROUGH CROSSREF.