Contribution to the Viability of the DMF-T Simplification in Adults and Older Adults

João Luiz Gurgel da Silveira, Dayana Nayara Bittencourt, Shanon Stefannie Stubbe, Isabela de Assumpção Pontes, Alessandra Girardi, Ernani Tiaraju de Santa Helena

Abstract


Objective: To verify the validity of two simplified DMFT indexes compared to the full DMFT. Material and Methods: This is an exploratory observational validation study with sample defined by convenience of 88 adult and older adult volunteers treated in a university dental clinic. After calibration, two examiners performed inspection tests with application of the DMFT index. The average total DMFT was compared with crossed quadrants (DMF2Q) and DMF of the right and left sides by age and sex using the Wilcoxon test. Results: The mean age of participants was 42.2 years and median of 44 years, and of these, 53 (60.2%) were female. The analysis showed no statistically significant difference between the means of DMFT and DMF2Q indexes between sexes (males 16.1 vs 16.1; p = 0.87 and females 16.4 vs 16.6; p = 0.24) or between the right and left sides (males 8.1 vs. 8.1 p = 0.50 and females 8.3 vs 8.1; p = 0.99). In addition, no differences were observed between DMFT and DMF2Q in the age groups of adults (30-44 years 17.8 vs 17.4; p = 0.564) and older adults (60 and over 23.4 vs 24.0; p = 0.298). The comparison between DMF OF right and left sides also showed no difference between adults (8.8 vs 9.1; p = 0.134) and older adults (11.8 vs 11.7; p = 0.951). Conclusion: Data obtained were consistent with similar studies on the distribution of dental caries in quadrants, allowing simplifying the DMFT index for epidemiological estimates.


Keywords


Dental Caries; DMF Index; Health Surveys

Full Text:

PDF

References


Costa SM, Abreu MHNG, Vasconcelos M, Lima RCGS, Verdi M, Ferreira EF. Desigualdades na distribuição da cárie dentária no Brasil: uma abordagem bioética. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva 2013; 18(2):461-70.

Pinto VG. Saúde bucal coletiva. 5ª. ed. São Paulo: Santos; 2008.

World Health Organization. Oral health surveys: basic methods. 4 ed. Geneva: ORH/EPID; 1997.

Bellon ML, Ambrosano GMB, Pereira SM, Sales-Peres SHC, Meneghim MC, Pereira AC, Tagliaferro EPS, Pardi V. Tamanho de amostra e estimativa de custo em levantamento epidemiológico de cárie dentária. Rev Bras Epidemiol 2012; 15(1):96-105.

Hadjimarkos DM, Storvick CA. Bilateral occurrence of dental caries. A study in Oregon state college freshman students. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 1950; 3(9):1206-9.

Guimarães LOC. Contribuição para o estudo da bilateralidade da cárie dentária em dentes permanentes. Rev Fac Odontol São Paulo 1971; 9(2):319-36.

Guimarães LOC, Guimarães AMR. Simplificação do índice CPO dos 15 aos 25 anos. S. Paulo: Rev Saúde Pública 1990; 24(5):407-11.

Wyne AH. The bilateral occurrence of dental caries among 12-13 and 15-19 year old school children. J Contemp Dent Pract 2004; 5(1):42-52.

Sadeghi M. Prevalence and bilateral occurrence of first permanent molar caries in 12-year-old students. J Dent Res Dent Clin Dent Prospects 2007; 1(2):86-92.

Wyne AH, Chohan AN, Jastaniyah N, Al-Khalil R. Bilateral occurrence of dental caries and oral hygiene in preschool children of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Odontostomatol Trop 2008; 31(124):19-25.

Burnside G, Pine CM, Williamson PR. Modelling the bilateral symmetry of caries incidence. Caries Res 2008; 42(4):291-6.

Cypriano S, Sousa MLR, Wada RS. Avaliação de índices CPO-D simplificados em levantamentos epidemiológicos de cárie dentária. Piracicaba, SP, Brasil. Rev Saúde Pública 2005; 39(2):285-92.

Splieth CH, Schwahn C, Bernhardt O, Kocher T, Born G, John U, Hensel E. Caries Prevalence in an Adult Population: Results of the Study of Health in Pomerania, Germany (SHIP). Oral Health Prev Dent 2003; 1(2):149-55.

Brasil. Ministério da Saúde. Secretaria de Atenção à Saúde. Departamento de Atenção Básica. Projeto SB Brasil 2000: Manual do examinador. [Accessed on 15 Mar. 2014]. Available at: http://189.28.128.100/dab/docs/manuais_sbbrasil/man_exam/man_exam.pdf.

Brasil. Ministério da Saúde. SB-Brasil 2010. Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde Bucal. Manual da equipe de campo. Brasília-DF. 2009. [Accessed on 21 Nov. 2013]. Available at: http://dab.saude.gov.br/cnsb/sbbrasil/arquivos/SBBrasil2010_Manual_Equipe_Campo.pdf .

Broadbent J M, Thomson W M. For debate: problems with the DMF index pertinent to dental caries data analysis. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2005; 33(6):400–9.

Baginska J, Rodakowska E, Milewski R, Kierklo A. Dental caries in primary and permanent molars in 7-8-year-old schoolchildren evaluated with Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment (CAST) index. BMC Oral Health 2014; 14(74):1-8.

Fuertes-González MC, Silvestre FJ. Oral health in a group of patients with Rett syndrome in the regions of Valencia and Murcia (Spain): A case-control study. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2014; 19(6):e598-604.

Berti M, Furlanetto DLC , Walker MMS , Baltazar MMM, Bianchi FJ. Levantamento epidemiológico de cárie dentária em escolares de 5 e 12 anos de idade do município de Cascavel, PR. Cad Saúde Colet 2013; 21(4):403-6.

Nascimento S, Scabar LF. Levantamento epidemiológico de cárie, utilizando os índices CPO-D, ceo-d e IHOS, nos índios da aldeia Wakri no Estado do Pará. Rev Inst Ciênc Saúde 2008; 26(2):247-54.

Brasil. Ministério da Saúde. Secretaria de Atenção à Saúde/Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde Departamento de Atenção Básica. Coordenação Geral de Saúde Bucal. SB Brasil 2010. Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde Bucal. Resultados Principais. Brasília, DF. 2011. [Accessed on 21 Nov. 2013]. Available at: http://dab.saude.gov.br/CNSB/sbbrasil/arquivos/projeto_sb2010_relatorio_final.pdf

Silva DD, Carvalho OL, Sousa MDLR, Hebling E. Saúde bucal e autopercepção em adultos e idosos de Piracicaba, SP. Rev Fac Odontol P Alegre 2006; 47(2):37-42.

Ulisnki KGB, Lima AMC, Poli-Frederico RCl, Moura SK, Berger SB, Maciel SM. Condições de saúde bucal de 135 idosos independentes cadastrados nas Unidades Básicas de Saúde de Londrina, PR. J Health Sci Inst 2010; 29(3):157-60.




PBOCI IS A MEMBER OF CROSSREF AND ALL THE CONTENT OF ITS JOURNALS ARE LINKED BY DOIS THROUGH CROSSREF.