Dental Pain and Socioeconomic Conditions: A Census Study among Schoolchildren

Soraia Maria HACK-COMUNELLO, Edgard MICHEL-CROSATO, Maria Gabriela Haye BIAZEVIC, Edgard CROSATO

Abstract


Objective: To investigate the relationship between the dental pain experience and socioeconomic conditions among schoolchildren. Method: A cross-sectional census study was performed with 603 12-year-old schoolchildren living in the cities of Joaçaba and Herval D‘Oeste, SC, Brazil. A structured questionnaire was used for collection of prevalence data. The socioeconomic data were evaluated using the ANEP (Associação Nacional das Empresas de Pesquisa) criterion, family income and mother’s level of education. The collected data were analyzed by the STATA 8.0 statistical software package. The existence of association among the studied variables was checked by chi-square test and logistic regression. Significance level was set at 5%. Results: 434 (71.97%) schoolchildren reported having experienced dental pain at least once in lifetime. When asked about the last 8 and 2 months, the prevalence of dental pain was 36.65% and 22.89%, respectively. Regarding the types of dental pain, from the 141 (22.96%) children that reported dental pain in the past 2 months, 56 (40.58%) referred pain on chewing food and 31 (22.46%) referred pain while eating candies. Children from mothers with lower educational level, lower income and lower purchasing power had greater probability of having dental pain. Conclusion: The prevalence of dental pain was high and the schoolchildren with worse socioeconomic conditions experienced more dental pain.

Keywords


Odontalgia; Epidemiologia; Dor facial; Toothache; Epidemiology; Facial pain.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/pboci.v8i1.240

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