Prevalence of Oral Mucosa Lesions in Denture Wearers

Isabelita Pessoa Rafael BOMFIM, Diana Gabriela SOARES, Gracielle Rodrigues TAVARES, Ronaldo Campelo SANTOS, Túlio Pessoa ARAÚJO, Wilton Wilney Nascimento PADILHA

Abstract


Objective: To identify the prevalence of oral mucosa lesions in denture wearers and its relation with oral hygiene habits. Method: Ninety-four denture wearers of both genders attending the Prosthetic Clinic of the DOR/UFPB and the Prosthetic Service of Cruz das Armas, João Pessoa, PB, Brazil were examined. Data (gender, denture type, oral hygiene habits, frequency and time of denture use, lesion type and description) were collected by a single examiner upon semiological clinical examination at the facilities of both clinics and were recorded in the patient’s clinical file. Results: It was observed that 58.6% of the individuals were female. Nocturnal use of the dentures was reported by 71.2% of the subjects. All patients affirmed to clean the dentures, 81.9% of them using brushing with dentifrice. Time of use ranged from 6 months to 45 years. Regarding denture conditions, 54.2% were broken, 71.2% were stained, 73.4% presented visible biofilm, 59.5% had worn teeth, 73.4% lacked stability and 47.8% presented occlusal problems. Among all evaluated individuals, 69.1% presented some type of oral lesion. Denture-induced stomatitis was the most prevalent lesion (44.6%), followed by inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (42.5%), angular cheilitis (12.7%), compression area (7.4%), traumatic ulceration (2.1%), liquen planus (3.2%) and geographic tongue (2.1%). Conclusion: Denture-induced stomatitis and inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia were the most frequently lesions associated with denture use. The physical and cleaning conditions of the dentures were considered as unfavorable, possibly contributing to the appearance of such lesions.

Keywords


Epidemiologia; Prevalência; Prótese dentária, lesões; Epidemiology; Prevalence; Dental prostheses, lesions.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/pboci.v8i1.250

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