Characterization of Mechanical Properties, Fluoride Release and Colour Stability of Dental Sealants

Tais Munhoz, Ursula Tavares Nunes, Luciane Monte-Alto Seabra, Raphael Monte-Alto

Abstract


Objective: To compare the mechanical properties, fluoride release, colour stability and spreading characteristics of glass ionomer cement (GIC), compomer (CO), chemical (CR) and light-cured resin based (LR) fissure sealants. Material and Methods: Cylinders were prepared to determine mechanical properties by diametral tensile strength tests (stored for 24h in distilled water at 37°C) and fluoride release (24 hours, 3, 7 and 15 days; deionised water). Disk shaped specimens were prepared to determine colour stability (1 week in pigmenting solution; 37°C; CIE L*a*b*; ΔE). A simplified method of a spreading test was proposed to predict viscosity characteristics of the tested materials. Data were analysed using one-way ANOVA followed by T-test (p<0.05). Results: Results showed differences between materials regarding all tested properties. CO was statistically more resistant than the other materials (p<0.05), but no difference was observed between CR and LR. The fluoride release of GICs was significantly higher than the other materials (p<0.05). CO showed lower ΔE than the other materials in the following order: CO<LR<GIC<CR. LR spread more than the other materials. Conclusion: All the materials developed to provide adequate preventive sealing tested in this study have particular physicochemical characteristics and should be recommended considering the particularities of each clinical case.


Keywords


Pit and fissure sealants; physical properties; chemical properties; prevention and control

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