Social Profile of the Patients Treated at the Discipline of Integrated Clinic of the Dental School of Araçatuba, UNESP, Araçatuba, SP, Brazil

Daniela Atili BRANDINI, Wilson Roberto POI, Maria de Lourdes Mobílio MELLO, Ana Paula Ayala de MACEDO, Sônia Regina PANZARINI, Denise PEDRINI, Ricardo Dias de CASTRO

Abstract


Objective: To establish the social profile of the patients treated at the undergraduate clinic of the Discipline of Integrated Clinic of the Dental School of Araçatuba, UNESP, Araçatuba, SP, Brazil.
Method: Convenience sample comprising 289 subjects. The data were obtained by the intensive direct technique, using a custom-made questionnaire for data collection. The social classification was determined considering the following items: wage, owning the house, consumer goods and education level. These items allowed assigning the subjects to the following social classes: lower low class, middle low class, higher low class, lower middle class, middle middle class, higher middle class, lower high class, middle high class and higher high class.
Results: In the studied sample, 52.9% were employed, 49.1% were responsible for the financial support of their family, the family income ranged from 2 to 4 minimum wages for 44.3% and individual income below 2 minimum wages for 41.2%. Additionally, it was observed that 3.5% were illiterate, 32.9% owned their house and 51.2% belonged to the higher low class. The relationship among the economical, social, cultural and educational factors determines a behavioral pattern that produces health or not. This fact requires a change in the behavior of both the users and health professionals, especially as far as the educational actions are concerned.
Conclusion: The majority of the patients treated at the Discipline of Integrated Clinic pertain to the higher low class. This result in an important indicator for planning the activities to be performed in the clinic in order to provide a high-quality treatment with social commitment.

Keywords


Escolas de Odontologia; Classe Social; Saúde pública; Serviços de saúde; Dental School; Social class; Public health; Health service.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/pboci.v8i2.302

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