Emergency Dental Care of Children and Adolescents in Basic Health Unit and Emergency Care Unit

Fabio Augusto de Oliveira Pereira, Luciana Reichert da Silva Assunção, Fernanda Morais Ferreira, Fabian Calixto Fraiz

Abstract


Objective: To evaluate the factors related to the dental emergency care of children and adolescents in Basic Health Units (UBS) and Emergency Care Units (UPA) affiliated with the public dental network of Curitiba, Brazil. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study that evaluated 1,012 emergency cases in individuals aged up to 17 years old and with a permanent record in the Unified Health System of Curitiba. Demographic data of individuals and of services were taken from electronic medical records. Statistical analysis was performed using the chi-square test and chi-square test for linear trend (α = 0.05), estimating the prevalence ratio (PR) (95%CI). Results: Of the total of emergency cases, 68.2% and 31.8% were of children and adolescents, respectively. UBS accounted for 89.7% of the cases while UPA represented 10.3%, and 12.2% of the treatments were characterized as first access to the system. Adolescents used UPAs for emergency care more often than children (PR = 1.84; 95%CI: 1.28-2.64). Among children, those with more than 1 year since the last appointment used UPAs for emergency care more often (PR = 1.86; 95%CI: 1.09-3.17). Adolescents for whom emergency care was characterized as first access to the system used UPAs more often (PR = 2.16; 95%CI: 1.04-4.46). The proximity between the UBS of origin and the UPA was associated with greater UPA utilization by both groups. Conclusion: UBSs accounted for most of the dental emergency treatments. Children and adolescents with a poorer connection with UBSs and those who lived near an UPA had a higher prevalence of UPA utilization for emergency care.


Keywords


Pain, Oral Health, Unified Health System, Child, Adolescent

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/PBOCI.2017.171.13

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