E-learning Activities to Complement Education in Cariology for Undergraduate Students

Juan Sebastian Lara, Mariana Minatel Braga, Cassio Jose Alencar, Pedroza Uribe Murisi, Tamara Kerber Tedesco, Marcelo Bonecker, Ana Estela Haddad


Objective: To evaluate activities performed in an e-learning platform after 2-year of implementation in terms of contents and functionality. Material and Methods: E-learning courses were prepared and created by two lecturers. Contents were intended for last year undergraduate students attending the pediatric dentistry discipline, and included different topics considered as relevant to the area. Given tele-courses from 2010-2012 as well as statistics and contents, provided by the platform, were collected for analysis. Results: Five tele-courses were proposed and the total participation was 322 students (mean-per-course±SD=64.4±17.2). On average, 15 tutors/course accompanied the process. Caries lesion detection and fluoride therapy were discussed in all modules, but different activities were focused in various aspects. Other topics were also included: caries activity (60%), caries risk assessment, oral hygiene and clinical examination (40%). Two lecturers were responsible for preparing exercises and tutors helped in the creation, revision and correction. The main type of validation was open questions (83%). A High level of students’ access was observed during the 2-year-period (mean-per-course±SD=21372±6775,2). More than 32000 external visits of the topics were also seen. On average, 14 tutor/student feedbacks were sent per student in each tele-course. Conclusion: The use of an e-learning system has been used especially to complementing teaching in caries detection and management using fluorides. Tele-courses have been highly accessed by undergraduate students and also, external participants.


Education, Distance; Learning; Dentistry

Full Text:



Bönecker M, Tenuta LM, Pucca Junior GA, Costa PB, Pitts N. A social movement to reduce caries prevalence in the world. Braz Oral Res 2013; 27(1):5-6. doi: 10.1590/S1806-83242012000600001.

Petersen PE, Phantumvanit P. Perspectives in the effective use of fluoride in Asia. J Dent Res 2012; 91(2):119-21. doi: 10.1177/0022034511429347.

Nyvad B. Diagnosis versus detection of caries. Caries Res 2004; 38:192-198. doi: 10.1159/000077754.

Schulte AG, Buchalla W, Huysmans MC, Amaechi BT, Sampaio F, Vougiouklakis G, Pitts NB. A survey on education in cariology for undergraduate dental students in Europe. Eur J Dent Educ 2011; 15 Suppl 1:3-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0579.2011.00708.x.

Schulte AG, Pitts NB. First Consensus Workshop on the Development of a European Curriculum in Cariology. Eur J Dent Educ. 2011; 15 Suppl 1:1-2. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0579.2011.00707.x.

Schulte AG, Pitts NB, Huysmans MC, Splieth C, Buchalla W. European Core Curriculum in Cariology for undergraduate dental students. Eur J Dent Educ 2011; 15 Suppl 1:9-17. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0579.2011.00694.x.

Anderson P, Beeley J, Monteiro PM, de Soet H, Andrian S, Amaechi B, Huysmans MC. A European Core Curriculum in Cariology: the knowledge base. Eur J Dent Educ 2011; 15 Suppl 1:18-22. 10.1111/j.1600-0579.2011.00709.x.

Pitts N, Melo P, Martignon S, Ekstrand K, Ismail A. Caries risk assessment, diagnosis and synthesis in the context of a European Core Curriculum in Cariology. Eur J Dent Educ 2011; 15(Suppl 1):23-31. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0579.2011.00711.x.

Bottenberg P, Ricketts DN, Van Loveren C, Rahiotis C, Schulte AG. Decision-making and preventive non-surgical therapy in the context of a European Core Curriculum in Cariology. Eur J Dent Educ. 2011; 15 Suppl 1:32-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0579.2011.00712.x.

Buchalla W, Wiegand A, Hall A. Decision-making and treatment with respect to surgical intervention in the context of a European Core Curriculum in Cariology. Eur J Dent Educ. 2011; 15(Suppl 1):40-4. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0579.2011.00713.x.

Splieth ChH, Innes N, Söhnel A. Evidence-based cariology in clinical and public health practice as part of the European Core Curriculum in Cariology. Eur J Dent Educ. 2011; 15(Suppl 1):45-51. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0579.2011.00714.x.

Martignon S, Gomez J, Tellez M, Ruiz JA, Marin LM, Rangel MC. Current cariology education in dental schools in Spanish-speaking Latin American countries. J Dent Educ 2013; 77(10):1330-7.

Martignon S, Marín LM, Pitts N, Jácome-Liévano S. Consensus on domains, formation objectives and contents in cariology for undergraduate dental students in Colombia. Eur J Dent Educ 2014; 18(4):222-33. doi: 10.1111/eje.12091.

Camargo LB, Aldrigui JM, Imparato JC, Mendes FM, Wen CL, Bönecker M, Raggio DP, Haddad AE. E-learning used in a training course on atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) for Brazilian dentists. J Dent Educ. 2011; 75(10):1396-401.

Ruiz JG, Mintzer MJ, Leipzig RM. The impact of E-learning in medical education. Academic Medicine 2006; 81(3):207-11.

Diniz MB, Lima LM, Santos-Pinto L, Eckert GJ, Zandoná AG, de Cássia Loiola Cordeiro R. Influence of the ICDAS e-learning program for occlusal caries detection on dental students. J Dent Educ. 2010; 74(8):862-8.

Zandona AG, Al-Shiha S, Eggertsson H, Eckert G. Student versus faculty performance using a new visual criteria for the detection of caries on occlusal surfaces: an in vitro examination with histological validation. Oper Dent 2009; 34(5):598-604. doi: 10.2341/08-082-L.

Moodle Stats Page. Available at: < https://moodle.net/stats/ >. Acceded on 21th November 2016.

Cariogram. Available at: . Acceded on 21th November 2016.

Deery C, Fyffe HE, Nuttall NM, Nugent ZJ, Pitts NB. The dental caries status of Scottish adolescents reported to be regular attenders. Initial results from a primary dental care based research network. Br Dent J 1999; 187(2):95-100.

Rosenberg M. E-Learning: Strategies for delivering knowledge in the digital age. McGraw-Hill, 2001.

Gibbons A, Fairweather P. Coputer-based instruction. In: Tobias S, Fletcher J (eds). Training & Retraining: A handbook for Bussiness, Industry, Government, and the Military. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2000:410-42.

Chumley-Jones HS, Dobbie A, Alford CL. Web-based learning: sound educational method or hype? A review of the evaluation literature. Acad Med 2002; 77(10 suppl):S86-S93.

Clark D. Psychological myths in e-learning. Med Teach. 2002; 24:598-604.

Adeyemi AA, Jarad FD, Komarov GN, Pender N, Higham SM. Assessing caries removal by undergraduate dental students using quantitative light-induced fluorescence. J Dent Educ 2008; 72(11):1318.

Selwitz RH, Ismail A, Pitts NB. Dental caries. Lancet 2007; 369(9555):51-9. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60031-2.

Lara JS, Braga MM, Shitsuka C, Wen CL, Haddad AE. Dental students' and lecturers' perception of the degree of difficulty of caries detection associated learning topics in Brazil. J Educ Eval Health Prof 2015; 25; 12:56. doi: 10.3352/jeehp.2015.12.56.

Lara JS, Braga MM, Zagatto G, Wen CL, Haddad AE. Development of a 3D Caries Process and Lesions detection model as a teaching tool. Caries Res 2015; 49:52. doi: 10.3352/jeehp.2015.12.56.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/PBOCI.2017.171.25

PBOCI is a member of CrossRef and all the content of its journals are linked by DOIs through CrossRef.