Oral Health Status of Brazilian Workers of a Textile Industry

Alidianne Fábia Cabral Cavalcanti, Liege Helena Freitas Fernandes, Andréia Medeiros Rodrigues Cardoso, Juneíse Sousa Januário Santos, Emilanir Gomes Maia, Alessandro Leite Cavalcanti


Objective: To evaluate the oral health status of Brazilian workers of a textile industry. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study including 489 individuals of both sexes was performed. Data on gender, age, schooling, frequency of dentist visits and caries experience (DMFT) were collected by a single trained and calibrated examiner. Data were organized using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software and presented through descriptive and inferential statistics (Poisson Regression Analysis). The significance level was 5%. Results: There was predominance of female workers (57.7%) aged 30-39 years (44.6%) and with 9-11 years of schooling (79.7%). Almost all of them had visited the dentist at least once in their lifetime (99.6%), and 66.8% had done so in the last 12 months. The mean DMFT value was 11.14 (± 5.64), with higher participation of filled (6.21) and missing components (4.03). There was a statistically significant association between DMFT values (≤ 11 and ≥ 12) and age group (p <0.001), as well as between schooling and number of missing (p <0.001) and decayed teeth (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The mean DMFT of Brazilian workers is high, with a tendency to increase the number of missing teeth as age increases. Schooling was associated with the number of missing and filled teeth.


Oral Health; Dental Caries; Occupational Health; Textile Industry.

Full Text:



Singh M, Ingle NA, Kaur N, Yadav P, Ingle E, Charania Z. Dental caries status and oral hygiene practices of lock factory workers in Aligarh City. J Int Oral Health 2015; 7(6):57-60.

Solanki J, Gupta S, Chand S. Oral health of stone mine workers of Jodhpur City, Rajasthan, India. Saf Health Work 2014; 5(3):136-9. doi: 10.1016/j.shaw.2014.05.003.

Brasil. Ministério da Saúde. Portaria Nº 1.823, de 23 de agosto de 2012. Institui a Política Nacional de Saúde do Trabalhador e da Trabalhadora. Brasília. Ministério da Saúde, 2012. [Accessed on 11 March 2015]. Available at: http://bvsms.saude.gov.br/bvs/saudelegis/gm/2012/prt1823_23_08_2012.html.

Mendonça BMC, Cimões R, Araújo ACS, Caldas Júnior AF, Silva PV. [Impact of the existing tooth number on daily performance: pilot study]. Ciênc Saúde Coletiva 2010; 15(3):775-84. doi: 10.1590/S1413-81232010000300020.

Gomes AS, Abegg C. [The impact of oral health on daily performance of municipal waste disposal workers in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil]. Cad Saúde Pública 2007; 23(7):1707-14. doi: 10.1590/S0102-311X2007000700023.

Abbas I, Mohammad SA, Peddireddy PR, Mocherla M, Koppula YR, Avidapu R. Oral health status of underground coal mine workers of Ramakrishnapur, Adilabad District, Telangana, India - A cross-sectional study. J Clin Diagn Res 2016; 10(1):28-31. doi: 10.7860/JCDR/2016/15777.7059.

Lacerda JT, Ribeiro JD, Ribeiro DM, Traebert J. [Prevalence of orofacial pain and its impact on the oral health-related quality of life of textile industries workers of Laguna, SC, Brazil]. Ciênc Saúde Coletiva 2011; 16(10):4275-82. doi: 10.1590/S1413-81232011001100033.

Gambhir RS, Sogi GM, Veeresha KL, Sohi RK, Randhawa A, Kakar H. Dental health status and treatment needs of transport workers of a northern Indian city: A cross-sectional study. J Nat Sci Biol Med 2013; 4(2):451-6. doi: 10.4103/0976-9668.117010.

Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). Cidades – João Pessoa, 2016. [Accessed on 10 November 2016]. Available at:http://www.cidades.ibge.gov.br/xtras/perfil.php?lang=&codmun =250750&search=paraiba|joao-pessoa.

Silveira JLG, Bittencourt DN, Stubbe SS, Pontes IA, Girardi A, Santa Helena ET. Contribution to the viability of the DMF-T simplification in adults and older adults. Pesq Bras Odontoped Clin Integr 2016; 16(1):91-97. doi: 0.4034/PBOCI.2016.161.10.

World Health Organization. Oral health surveys: basic methods. 4.th. ed. Geneva: ORH/EPID; 1997.

Sanadhya S, Nagarajappa R, Sharda AJ, Asawa K, Tak M, Batra M, Daryani H. The oral health status and the treatment needs of salt workers at sambhar lake, Jaipur, India. J Clin Diagn Res 2013; 7(8):1782-6. doi: 10.7860/JCDR/2013/5887.3275.

Cheachire LA, Cortellazzi KL, Vazquez FL, Pereira AC, Meneghim MC, Mialhe FL. Association between family social risk and dental caries and periodontal disease risk in adults in the Family Health Strategy. Pesq Bras Odontoped Clin Integr 2013; 13(1):101-110. doi: 10.4034/PBOCI.2013.131.15.

Rocha EKTG, Vanderlei AD, Ribeiro CMB, Lima ALO, Santos AF, Trindade Filho EM. Impact of tooth loss on quality of life. Pesq Bras Odontoped Clin Integr 2016; 16(1):69-78. doi: 0.4034/PBOCI.2016.161.08.

Guerra MJ, Greco RM, Leite IC, Ferreira e Ferreira E, Paula MV. Impacto das condições de saúde bucal na qualidade de vida de trabalhadores. Ciênc Saúde Coletiva 2014; 19(12):4777-86. doi: 10.1590/1413-812320141912.21352013.

Souza HM, Ney MG, Souza PM, Ney VSP. Escolaridade, carteira de trabalho e renda dos empregados no meio rural brasileiro. Campo-Território: Rev Geogr Agr 2015; 10(20):468-92.

Simpriano DCAB, São-João TM, Mialhe FL. Use of the theory of planned behavior and implementation intentions in dentistry: Evidence of literature. Pesq Bras Odontoped Clin Integr 2015; 15(1):345-60. doi: 0.4034/PBOCI.2015.151.37.

Miotto MHMB, Barcellos LA, Lopes ZV. Dor de dente como preditor de absenteísmo em trabalhadores de uma indústria de sucos da Região Sudeste do Brasil. Ciênc Saúde Coletiva 2013; 18(11):3183-90. doi: 10.1590/S1413-81232013001100009.

Baldani MH, Pupo YM, Lawder JAC, Silva FFM, Antunes JLF. [Individual determinants of recent use of dental services by low-income adolescents and young adults]. Pesq Bras Odontoped Clin Integr 2011; 11(1):91-8. doi: 10.4034/PBOCI.2011.111.14.

Brasil. Ministério da Saúde. SB Brasil 2010. Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde Bucal – Resultados Principais. Brasília, DF, 2012. 118p.

Patil VV, Shigli K, Hebbal M, Agrawal N. Tooth loss, prosthetic status and treatment needs among industrial workers in Belgaum, Karnataka, India. J Oral Sci 2012; 54(4):285-292.

Montero J, López-Valverde A, Clemot Y, Bravo M. The occupational role of dental conditions among a consecutive sample of Spanish workers. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2011; 16(7):966-72.

Medeiros JJ, Rodrigues LV, Azevedo AC, Lima-Neto EA, Machado LS, Valença AMG. Edentulism, denture use and need and associated factors in a Brazilian northeastern city. Pesq Bras Odontoped Clin Integr 2012; 12(4):573-78. Doi: 10.4034/PBOCI.2012.124.20.

Batista MJ, Perianes LB, Hilgert JB, Hugo FN, Sousa MDAL. The impacts of oral health on quality of life in working adults. Braz Oral Res 2014; 28(1):1-6. doi: 10.1590/1807-3107BOR-2014.vol28.0040.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/PBOCI.2017.171.03

PBOCI is a member of CrossRef and all the content of its journals are linked by DOIs through CrossRef.