Dental Erosion in Pediatric Dentistry: What is the Clinical Relevance?

Michele Baffi Diniz, Adrian Lussi

Abstract


The relevance of dental erosion has increased substantially over recent years since dental caries has been decreasing in many societies, although it is still much more spread compared to erosive tooth wear. This fact is supported not only by daily observation in dental practice, but also by the large number of academic publications on the subject. In the 1970s, fewer than five publications per year addressed dental erosion, whereas this had doubled to approximately 10 a year in the 1980s. In the late 2000s, there were more than 100 publications on the topic every year. This striking number reflects several factors, including the declining occurrence of caries in recent decades, which has allowed erosion to gain prominence, and altered dietary habits, which have had a marked effect. The consumption of soft drinks has tripled since the late 1980s. Additionally, the manner of consumption has changed, particularly by children and young adults (sipping, sucking on bottles, and through teeth). The increasing occurrence of erosion can be considered a direct consequence of those factors. The pH of foods and beverages is also of importance; however, it would be wrong to attribute the etiology of erosions to one single factor, where it is clearly a multifaceted process. 


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