Perceived and Normative Needs of Facial Cleft Patients Seen in Nigeria

Emmanuel Obiajulu Amobi, Jerome Mafeni, Comfort Ayodele Adekoya-Sofowora

Abstract


Objective: To evaluate the pattern of presentation and assessing treatment needs of children with facial clefts. Material and Methods: This was a cross sectional study of 49 patients seen at the cleft clinic of Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife for a 39-month period of study. Data collected were patient’s bio-data including age, date of birth, sex, social class, age of parents, dental findings, associated malformations, treatment given and referral using an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences. Frequency distributions were carried out for all variables and the Pearson Chi-Square Test was applied to assess the significance of differences between groups at a p value of 0.05. Results: Cleft lip and palate had the highest preponderance 23 (47.0%) followed by cleft lip 14 (28.6%) and cleft palate 12 (24.5%). There were more females 28 (57.14%) than males 21 (42.9%) at male to female ratio of 3: 4, though; it was not statistically significant (p-0.73). Most of the patients (73.5%) belong to the low social class. The high social class had 13 (26.5%) cases. Conclusion: The most important treatment needs of cleft patients in this study were: review/follow-up of treatment protocol, oral hygiene instructions, cleft palate repair, cleft lip repair, and referral to the Orthodontist for treatment of varying degrees of malocclusion in descending order. This trend in the treatment needs arose because most of the patients were still ignorant of the implications of managing facial cleft defects through the multi-disciplinary treatment approach.

Keywords


Cleft Palate; Cleft Lip; Abnormalities, Multiple; Epidemiology

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/PBOCI.2018.181.13

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