Impact of Three Different Education Methods on Oral Hygiene and Theoretical Knowledge of Schoolchildren

Levent Demiriz, Figen Ongoz Dede, Umut Balli

Abstract


Objective: To evaluate the impact of three different education methods on the oral hygiene levels of school children using clinical and theoretical findings. Material and Methods: 144 children (72 males and 72 females), whose ages ranged between 8-13, were divided into 12 equal experimental groups according to their ages and gender. They were all considered to have poor hygiene. Only one out of the three different education methods (brochure, model or video) was applied to each group. The percentage change in PI, GI, BOP and theoretical test points from the baseline to the 6th months were evaluated. The data was statistically analysed by using Kolmogorov-Smirnov and One-way ANOVA tests. Results: Reduction in PI, GI and BOP scores was significantly greater (p<0.05) in the video applied groups compared to the brochure groups in the age of 8-10 groups for both genders and in 11-13-year-old males. In 11-13-year-old females, all methods showed similar results (p>0.05). There was no significant difference in test points in 8-10 and 11-13-year-old female groups (p>0.05), whereas a significant increase in test points was observed in the video and model applied groups compared to the brochure groups in 8-10 and 11-13-year-old male groups (p<0.05). Conclusion: It may be more helpful and effective for children to get the oral hygiene education using the visual methods, especially for those under the age of ten.


Keywords


Dental Plaque Index; Education; Oral Hygiene.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Polk DE, Geng M, Levy A, Koerber A, Flay BR. Frequency of daily tooth brushing: Predictors of change in 9-to 11-year old US children. Community Dent Health 2014; 31(3):136-40.

Sanadhya YK, Thakkar JP, Divakar DD, Pareek S, Rathore K, Yousuf A, et al. Effectiveness of oral health education on knowledge, attitude, practices and oral hygiene status among 12-15-year-old schoolchildren of fishermen of Kutch district, Gujarat, India. Int Marit Health 2014; 65(3):99-105. doi: 10.5603/imh.2014.0022.

Damle SG, Patil A, Jain S, Damle D, Chopal N. Effectiveness of supervised toothbrushing and oral health education in improving oral hygiene status and practices of urban and rural school children: A comparative study. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent 2014; 4(3):175-81. doi: 10.4103/2231-0762.142021.

Deljo E, Babacic R, Meskovic B, Grabus J. Impact of continuous education about oral hygiene on the changes of CPI-index for 12-15-year-old schoolchildren. Acta Inform Med 2011; 19:220-3. doi: 10.5455/aim.2011.19.220-223.

Sharma S, Yeluri R, Jain AA, Munshi AK. Effect of toothbrush grip on plaque removal during manual toothbrushing in children. J Oral Sci 2012; 54(2):183-90. doi: 10.2334/josnusd.54.183.

Okada M, Kuwahara S, Kaihara Y, Ishidori H, Kawamura M, Miura K, et al. Relationship between gingival health and dental caries in children aged 7-12 years. J Oral Sci 2000; 42(3):151-5. doi: 10.2334/josnusd.42.151.

Robinson E. Comparative evaluation of the Scrub and Bass Methods of toothbrushing with flossing as an adjunct (in fifth and sixth grades). Am J Public Health 1976; 66(11):1078-81. doi: 10.1016/0002-9416(78)90126-4.

Harnacke D, Mitter S, Lehner M, Munzert J, Deinzer R. Improving oral hygiene skills by computer-based training: a randomized controlled comparison of the modified Bass and the Fones techniques. PLoS One 2012; 7(5):e37072. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0037072.

Perry DA. Plaque control for the periodontal patient. In: Newman MG, Takei HH, Klokkevold PR, Carranza FA. Carranza’s Clinical Periodontology Middle East and African Edition. Philadelphia: Saunders; 2007. p.728-48.

Redmond CA, Hamilton FA, Kay EJ, Worthington HV, Blinkhorn AS. An investigation into the value and relevance of oral health promotion leaflets for young adolescents. Int Dent J 2001; 51(3):164-8. doi: 10.1002/j.1875-595x.2001.tb00834.x.

Lim LP, Davies WI, Yuen KW, Ma MH. Comparison of modes of oral hygiene instruction in improving gingival health. J Clin Periodontol 1996; 23(7):693-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-051x.1996.tb00595.x.

Stroski ML, de Souza Dal Maso AM, Wambier LM, Chibinski AC, Pochapski MT, Santos FA, et al. Clinical evaluation of three toothbrush models tested by schoolchildren. Int J Dent Hyg 2011; 9(2):149-54. doi: 10.1111/j.1601-5037.2010.00476.x.

Ainamo J, Bay I. Problems and proposals for recording gingivitis and plaque. Int Dent J 1975; 25(4):229-35.

Silness J, Löe H. Periodontal disease in pregnancy. II. Correlation between oral hygiene and periodontal condition. Acta Odontol Scand 1964; 22:121-35. doi: 10.3109/00016356408993968.

Löe H, Silness J. Periodontal disease in pregnancy. I. Prevalence and severity. Acta Odontol Scand 1963; 21:533-51. doi: 10.3109/00016356309011240.

Greene JC, Vermillion JR. The simplified oral hygiene index. J Am Dent Assoc 1964; 68:7-13. doi: 10.14219/jada.archive.1964.0034.

Mohamadkhah F, Amin Shokravi F, Karimy M, Faghihzadeh S. Effects of lecturing on selfcare oral health behaviors of elementary students. Med J Islam Repub Iran 2014; 28(86):1-9.

Saied-Moallemi Z, Virtanen JI, Ghofranipour F, Murtomaa H. Influence of mothers' oral health knowledge and attitudes on their children's dental health. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 2008; 9(2):79-83. doi: 10.1007/bf03262614.

Arora A, McNab MA, Lewis MW, Hilton G, Blinkhorn AS, Schwarz E. 'I can't relate it to teeth': a qualitative approach to evaluate oral health education materials for preschool children in New South Wales, Australia. Int J Paediatr Dent 2012; 22(4):302-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-263x.2011.01195.x.

Renton-Harper P, Addy M, Warren P, Newcombe RG. Comparison of video and written instructions for plaque removal by an oscillating/rotating/reciprocating electric toothbrush. J Clin Periodontol 1999; 26(11):752-6. doi: 10.1034/j.1600-051x.1999.t01-8-261101.x.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/PBOCI.2018.181.29

PBOCI IS A MEMBER OF CROSSREF AND ALL THE CONTENT OF ITS JOURNALS ARE LINKED BY DOIS THROUGH CROSSREF.