A Cone Beam Computed Tomography Study of the Prevalence of Pulp Stones in a Saudi Arabian Adolescent Population

Santosh R Patil, Kazuyuki Araki, Huwaina Abd Ghani, Ibrahim A Al-Zoub, Mohammed G. Sghaireen, Ravi Kumar Gudipaneni, Mohammad Khursheed Alam


Objective: To assess the prevalence of pulp stones using Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) in a Saudi Arabian adolescent population. Material and Methods: CBCT scans of 237 individuals compromising of 1018 teeth were examined. All teeth were analyzed in three dimensions and the presence of pulp stones were identified as a round or oval shaped dense structures in the pulp space. The location of involved tooth in terms of arch, side involved and the status of the tooth were documented. Statistical analysis was carried out by applying Chi-square test. The level of significance was set at 5%. Results: Pulp stones were observed in 119 out of the 237 participants, and in 118 teeth out of 1018 teeth examined, with the patient prevalence of 50.2% and tooth prevalence 10.6%. Pulp stones were observed in 76 (51.3%) of males and 43 (48.3%) of females, with no significant difference (p>0.05). A nonsignificant difference was also noted when maxillary and mandibular arches and the left and right sides were compared. Pulp stones were observed more frequently observed in molars and in carious (8.8%) and restored teeth (17.1%). Conclusion: The prevalence of pulp stones was high in molars and in carious and restored teeth. No significant difference was noticed between gender, arch and side of tooth involved with pulp stones.


Cone-Beam Computed Tomography; Dental Pulp Calcification; Prevalence.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/PBOCI.2018.181.45