Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Doctors and Dental Surgeons in Bamako on the Relationship Between Periodontal Diseases and Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases

Osseynou Diawara, Assetou Nimaga, Aboubacar S. T. Kane, Boubacar BA, Amsalla Niang, Mamadou BA, Aissata Cissé, Boubacar Maiga, Kassoum Kayentao, Bakarou Kamaté, Samba Ibrahim Diop

Abstract


Objective: To assess the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices of doctors and dentists in Bamako on the relationship between chronic non-communicable diseases and periodontal diseases. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study of 420 physicians and dental surgeons was conducted from March to August 2016. Data analysis involved descriptive statistics (frequency distribution). All statistical analyses were performed using the Epi Info 3.5.4 Software. Results: The male sex was the most represented with 58% for a sex ratio of 1.3. The most represented age group was 30-40 years old (48.8%) with an average age of 33 ± 8.2 years. General practitioners were the most represented in 93.6% of cases. Physicians with no knowledge of periodontal disease accounted for 60% of all cases, and all dental surgeons reported knowledge of chronic non-communicable conditions in 100% of cases. Physicians and dental surgeons rated their knowledge levels of periodontal disease and chronic disease as inadequate in 98% and 90% of cases, respectively. Examination of the oral cavity by the doctors was "sometimes" carried out in 66% of the cases and the non-demand of the clinical signs of the gingival bleeding (64%) and dental migration (80.5%). They did not make recommendations on oral hygiene in 61.7% of cases. Conclusion: This study shows shortcomings among doctors and dentists in Bamako on the relationship between periodontal diseases and chronic non-communicable diseases. Capacity building and multidisciplinary collaboration are needed to support people's health.

Keywords


Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice; Periodontal Diseases; Physicians.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/PBOCI.2018.181.34

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