Socio-Dental and Family Living Condition Approach for Planning Dental Care: A Cross-sectional Study among Indonesian Students

Burhanuddin Daeng Pasiga, Rasmidar Samad, Rini Pratiwi

Abstract


Objective: To know the planning of dental care with a socio-dental approach. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study has been conducted on Baubau Junior High School students, Southeast Sulawesi. The sample consisted of 209 subjects randomly selected. The social approach is known for filling out questionnaires with Family Development Index (FDI), Quality of life with OHRQoL-index using Child-OIDP (specific and generic). Family data were: family income, housing conditions (material used in the construction of the house and access to drinking water) and financial governmental support. Family income was classified into three groups. Severity status dental caries was assessed using the DMFT index. Participants were categorized into two groups: severe caries and not severe caries. Descriptive statistics were used to calculate the absolute and relative frequencies. Results: The most frequent FDI category was very severe (52.6%), while for category Child-OIDP > 1, has a value of FDI category very severe 53.1%. Normative need on FDI not severe was 71.4% with severe caries 33.3% and not severe caries 38.1%. The approach in socio-dental and family condition can be used in dental health services planning. The result of grouping of society based on index of FDI hence group of society with severe condition is equal to 83.3%. Conclusion: The living conditions of poor families in need of dental health care are normative higher and worse, and has a tendency to be more bad behavior.


Keywords


Quality of Life; Dental Caries; Family Characteristics

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/PBOCI.2018.181.81

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