Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS) Analysis of Calcium and Phosphor Minerals Elements on Bone After Insertion Immediate Implant on Socket Filled with Extract Aloe vera

Edy Machmud, Ike Damayanti Habar, Mohammad Dharma Utama, Bahruddin Thalib, Catarina Anita Kristanti, Yulis Susaniawaty, Richard Tetelepta, Muchammad Ardiansyah, Hasminar Hasminar, Muhammad Harun Achmad

Abstract


Objective: To examine the effect of aloe vera that containing bioactive materials on the levels of calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) minerals and their ratios around the immediate implanted in alveolar bone. Material and Methods: Research method by conducting experimental test on experimental animals: 9 male mongrel dogs are divided into 3 groups each 3 tails. In each animal was pulled the second premolar teeth on right side and left side, and immediately inserted titanium implant (3mm x 10mm diameter) after the socket filled with 10% aloevera extract on the right side and control on the left side. Analysis of calcium and phosphorus minerals content formed by examination of Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS) on Scanning Electron Microscope on implant and around bone tissue was done on days 14, 28 and 56. The result of statistical analysis using repeated ANOVA with independent t test. The level of significance was set at 5%. Results: There was a significant difference on calcium level between control and treatment groups on days 14, 28 and 56 (p<0.05). There was no significant difference on phosphorus level between control and treatment groups (p>0.05). The ratio of Ca / P in both control and treatment groups was also significantly different in every observation day (p<0.05). Conclusion: The addition of aloe vera extract that containing bioactive materials has an effect on increasing levels of mineral elements calcium and calcium-phosphorus ratio after immediate implant insertion.


Keywords


Aloe; Immediate Dental Implant Loading; Calcium; Phosphorus.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/PBOCI.2018.181.89

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