Compatibility of Clinical and Histopathological Diagnosis of Oral Lesions in Iranian Patients

Parya Emamverdizadeh, Seyed Ahmad Arta, Milad Ghanizadeh, Ramin Negahdari, Mohamad Ali Ghavimi, Arezo Ghoreishizadeh, Mohamad Reza Tojih

Abstract


Objective: To determine compatibility between clinical diagnosis and the pathological reports of biopsies from oral lesions. Material and Methods: In this descriptive study, 1146 clinical files of patients referring to Tabriz Faculty of Dentistry from 2004 to 2016 were retrieved and evaluated. The kappa coefficient was calculated for each file for compatibility of clinical and pathological diagnosis. Results: In relation to clinical (40.2%) and pathological (39.2%) diagnosis, irritational lesions of soft tissues exhibited the highest frequency. In 72.3% of cases, the clinical and pathological diagnosis were compatible and in 27.7% of cases these diagnosis were not compatible. The highest compatibility rates were detected for irritational lesions of soft tissues (81.5%) and mucocutaneous lesions (76.9%). There was no compatibility for osseous malignant tumors, inflammatory tissues, granulation tissues, metastatic lesions and hematologic disorders. Conclusion: Approximately one-third of clinical and histopathological diagnosis were not compatible. Therefore, to reach a correct diagnosis, the clinical, radiographic and histopathological views should be evaluated simultaneously.

Keywords


Diagnosis, Oral; Mouth Neoplasms; Clinical Laboratory Techniques.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/PBOCI.2019.191.01

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