Self-Medication for Toothache and its Associated Factors in Children and Adolescents

Marcília Ribeiro Paulino, Marayza Alves Clementino, Hellen Bandeira de Pontes Santos, Mara Ilka Holanda de Medeiros Batista, Alessandra Albuquerque Tavares Carvalho, Cassiano Francisco Weege Nonaka, Simone Alves de Sousa


Objective:To evaluate self-medication for toothache and its associated factors in children and adolescents. Material and Methods:A cross-sectional study was carried out with 252 children/adolescents aged 6-16 years. A questionnaire was applied with questions related to demographic and socioeconomic characteristics; experience of, and self-medication for, toothache; as well as aspects related to the condition. Descriptive and inferential statistical analyses (Pearson’s Chi-square test and Fisher’s exact test) were performed, with a 5% significance level. Results:The prevalence of toothache was 41.7%. In 96 cases analyzed, there was prevalence of 69.8% of self-medication for toothache. There were no statistically significant associations between self-medication for toothache and variables related to the children/adolescents (gender and age), their parents or guardians (age and schooling), socioeconomic characteristics (family income and number of people in the household) and aspects related to toothache (fever, crying and school absenteeism) (p>0.05). The most commonly used drug was paracetamol (60.7%), whose choice was based to its previous use by the study population for conditions not related to toothache (47.8%). Conclusion:There was a high prevalence of self-medication for toothache in the study population. No independent variable was associated with self-medication practice.


Therapeutics; Self Medication; Prescriptions; Absenteeism.

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