Profile of Topical Fluoride Use in Infants Adopted by the Brazilian Dental Schools

Gracieli Prado ELIAS, Luciana Reichert da Silva ASSUNÇÃO, Robson Frederico CUNHA

Abstract


Objective: To assess the profile of topical fluoride use in infants adopted by the Brazilian Dental Schools.
Method: A questionnaire containing 10 closed multiple-choice questions was sent to the Pediatric Dentistry Department of 100 Dental Schools in Brazil. The study examined aspects related to the conduct of topical fluoride application, at-home and professional, including concentration, mode of application, frequency, recommended period of the day for application (for home use only) and use of dentifrices. The reason for a possible non-indication of topical fluoride used was also assessed.
Results: Sixty-two (62%) out of the 100 contacted Dental Schools answered the questionnaire. The results showed that 24 (51%) institutions advise professional and home use of topical fluoride. The most frequently mentioned (96%) form of professional use was the fluoridated varnish application. When fluoride was used in the form of solution, concentrations of 0.2% and 0.02% were the most frequently recommended for professional (62%) and home use (66%). Regarding the recommended frequency of home use, most schools advise once/day applications (67%), preferably at bedtime (85%), and the simultaneous use of fluoride solution and fluoridated dentifrice is not advised (85%). It was observed that among the 22 schools that advocate only professional use, 13 (59%) abolished home use and 9 (41%) never recommended home use, the main reasons being the use of fluoride sources and the risk of developing fluorosis.
Conclusion: A consensus on topical fluoride use in infants has not yet been reached and further research should be done in order to establish the best possible working protocol.

Keywords


Flúor; Criança; Odontopediatria; Fluoride; Child; Pediatric Dentistry.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/pboci.v8i3.440

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