Differences in Periodontal Severity Between Perimenopausal and Postmenopausal Women with Chronic Periodontitis

Pitu Wulandari, Sri Lelyati Chaidar Masulili, Lindawati Soetanto Kusdhany, Fatimah Maria Tadjoedin, Susi Relawaty Puspitadewi, Ali Baziad

Abstract


Objective:To analyze the differences in periodontal severity between perimenopausal and postmenopausal women with chronic periodontitis. Material and Methods:A cross-sectional study with 63 subjects, comprising 27 perimenopausal and 36 postmenopausal women, aged 45–59 years, was conducted in East Jakarta. The women were interviewed regarding their perimenopausal and postmenopausal status; they underwent a periodontal examination for periodontal pockets, attachment loss, gingival recession, plaque index, debris index, calculus index, oral hygiene index, papilla bleeding index, and tooth mobility. Independent T-test and Mann-Whitney U test were used for bivariate analysis. Results:There were significant differences (p<0.05) in age between perimenopausal and postmenopausal women (p=0.01); however, no significant differences (p>0.05) in gingival recession (p=0.33) or tooth mobility (p=0.84) were observed. Independent t-test revealed no significant differences in pocket depth (p=0.95), attachment loss (p=0.71), plaque index (p=0.89), debris index (p=0.52), calculus index (p=0.46), oral hygiene index (p=0.48), or papilla bleeding index (p=0.63) between perimenopausal and postmenopausal women. Conclusion:There was no difference in periodontal severity between perimenopausal and postmenopausal women; however, the current study obtained valuable information regarding periodontal severity in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women.

Keywords


Periodontal Diseases; Oral Hygiene; Perimenopause; Postmenopause

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References


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