Differences in Periodontal Severity Between Perimenopausal and Postmenopausal Women with Chronic Periodontitis

Pitu Wulandari, Sri Lelyati Chaidar Masulili, Lindawati Soetanto Kusdhany, Fatimah Maria Tadjoedin, Susi Relawaty Puspitadewi, Ali Baziad


Objective:To analyze the differences in periodontal severity between perimenopausal and postmenopausal women with chronic periodontitis. Material and Methods:A cross-sectional study with 63 subjects, comprising 27 perimenopausal and 36 postmenopausal women, aged 45–59 years, was conducted in East Jakarta. The women were interviewed regarding their perimenopausal and postmenopausal status; they underwent a periodontal examination for periodontal pockets, attachment loss, gingival recession, plaque index, debris index, calculus index, oral hygiene index, papilla bleeding index, and tooth mobility. Independent T-test and Mann-Whitney U test were used for bivariate analysis. Results:There were significant differences (p<0.05) in age between perimenopausal and postmenopausal women (p=0.01); however, no significant differences (p>0.05) in gingival recession (p=0.33) or tooth mobility (p=0.84) were observed. Independent t-test revealed no significant differences in pocket depth (p=0.95), attachment loss (p=0.71), plaque index (p=0.89), debris index (p=0.52), calculus index (p=0.46), oral hygiene index (p=0.48), or papilla bleeding index (p=0.63) between perimenopausal and postmenopausal women. Conclusion:There was no difference in periodontal severity between perimenopausal and postmenopausal women; however, the current study obtained valuable information regarding periodontal severity in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women.


Periodontal Diseases; Oral Hygiene; Perimenopause; Postmenopause

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