In vivo Evaluation of a Dentifrice Containing Eugenia uniflora L. Extract, on the Oral Health Indicators

Vanessa de Carvalho JOVITO, Leopoldina de Fátima Dantas de ALMEIDA, Danilo Augusto de Holanda FERREIRA, Douglas MOURA, Marçal de Queiroz PAULO, Wilton Wilney Nascimento PADILHA

Abstract


Objective: To assess in vivo the effect of using a dentifrice
containing hydroalcoholic extract of the ripe fruit of Eugenia uniflora L. on the oral health indicators.
Method: A random clinical trial was performed with 40 male and female undergraduate dental students aged 21 to 24 years. The students were assigned to two groups: G1 – 20 students that used the dentifrice containing 3% hydroalcoholic extract of the ripe fruit of Eugenia uniflora L., and G2 - 20 students that used Colgate Total 12® dentifrice (control group). The participants used the dentifrices during 22 consecutive days and the following indicators were measured at t1 (before the use of dentifrice), t2 (after 15 days of use) and t3 (after 22 days of use): biofilm accumulation (OHI-S), gingival disease (GBI) and salivary S. mutans count (cfu/mL). Data were analyzed by the Student’s t-test.
Results: Means at t1, t2 and t3 for G1 were, respectively: OHI-S: 0.75/ 0.55/ 0.47; GBI: 2.96/ 1.86/ 1.35; cfu/mL: 1.69 x 104 / 1.45 x 104 / 1.33 x 104; for G2 were: OHI-S: 0.61/ 0.52/ 0.42; GBI: 1.94/1.62/ 1.20; cfu/mL: 1.84 x 104 / 1.47 x 104 / 1.36 x 104. There was a statistically significant decrease of OHI-S, GBI and cfu/mL from t1 to t3 for both groups (p<0.01). Comparing the groups, there was statistically significant difference only for GBI (p<0.01).
Conclusion: The dentifrice containing hydroalcoholic extract of
the ripe fruit of Eugenia uniflora L. presented similar efficacy to that of Colgate Total 12® dentifrice (control group).

Keywords


Plantas medicinais; Dentifrício; Bactérias; Microbiologia oral; Medicinal plants; Dentifrice; Bacteria; Oral microbiology.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/pboci.v9i1.628

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