Effect of Supplementary Administration of Anaheal on Reducing Pain, Swelling and Trismus after Mandibular Third Molar Surgery: A Split-mouth Controlled Randomized Clinical Trial

Hosein Eslami, Javad Yazdani, Reza Khorshidi-Khiyavi, Mohamadali Ghavimi, Milad Ghanizadeh, Aydin Jamlo, Azam Mahdinezhad

Abstract


Objective: To evaluate the effect of supplementary administration of Anaheal capsule in reducing pain, swelling and trismus after surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molars. Material and Methods: This single-blind controlled randomized clinical trial was conducted on 36 patients referring to Tabriz University of Medical Sciences. Each of the 36 patients had bilateral surgical removal of mandibular third molars in two sessions, with at least a 4-week interval between sessions. In the same individual, one of the sites randomly received a test medication whereas the other site was used as a control. In the test subgroup (test medication side), the first dose of Anaheal capsule was given as a 200-mg dose of bromelain immediately after surgery according to manufacturer’s instructions and the subsequent doses were given at 6-hour intervals after the first dose. The medication was administrated for 3 days. In the control subgroup (control side), Anaheal was not administered. The severities of pain, swelling and maximum mouth opening (MMO) were recorded one and three days postoperatively. Paired t-test and t-test for independent samples were used. Statistical significance was defined at p<0.05. Results: A total of 72 surgical extractions were performed; 36 procedures served as control and 36 cases received Anaheal. Pain, swelling and trismus of the patients were at the highest levels one day after surgery, which decreased on day 3. However, independent t-test showed no significant differences in pain, swelling and trismus after surgery between the study subgroups (p>0.05). Conclusion: Supplementary administration of Anaheal (800 mg bromelain daily) had no significant effect on decreasing pain, swelling and trismus at 1- and 3-day intervals after surgical removal of mandibular third molars.

Keywords


Postoperative Complications; Tooth, Impacted; Bromelains

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/PBOCI.2018.181.79

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