Dental Caries Experience and Associated Factors in Students from a City with Fluoridation in Water Supplies

Lilian RIGO, Arnaldo de França CALDAS JÚNIOR, Eliane Helena Alvim de SOUZA

Abstract


Objective: To investigate the influence of demographic, socioeconomic and access to dental services factors, besides oral hygiene on dental caries and fluorosis dental in 535 students in the city of Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
Method: Cross-sectional study, the sample comprised 535 students with 12 and 15-19 years old. For data collection clinical examination was performed using DMF index and a semi-structured questionnaire with information pertaining to demographic characteristics, access to dental care and oral hygiene habits. The association between the outcome caries and the exploratory variables properly gathered were verified by simple and multiple logistic regression analysis with a level of significance of 5%.
Results: Students aging from 15 to 19 had almost three times higher chances of having caries in comparison to 12-year-old students (OR=2.78; IC95% 1.51-5.11). To live in houses with six or more rooms was a factor of protection for dental caries in students (OR=0.60; IC95% 0.37-0.99).
Conclusion: Age and number of rooms were factors associated with the dental caries.

Keywords


Cárie dentária; Índice CPOD; Determinantes epidemiológicos.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/pboci.v11i3.897

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