Rubber Dam: Use in Private Clinics in Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil

Fabrício Antônio Sacramento PEDROSA, Rodrigo Richard da SILVEIRA, Monica YAMAUTI, Carolina Dolabela Leal de CASTRO, Amanda Beatriz Dahdah Aniceto de FREITAS

Abstract


Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the use of isolation in offices and private clinics in Belo Horizonte, it was observed: the type, procedures performed in isolation and the reason for their choices. In addition to those factors were also observed the duration of the dentists’ training, the patients’ economic class and the presence of an office assistant.
Method: The eligible sample consisted of active dentist in the south-center region of the town. The final sample of convenience was 115 professionals who answered to an instrument data collection with descriptive and objective questions. The results were analyzed descriptively and by Qui-Square test (p≤0,05).
Results: Among the dentist in the survey 55% were female, 63.5% were between 23 and 35 years old, 39% had less than five years of professional activity and 59% were specialists; 69% were from the central region and 31% from the south; 66% of the dentists have assistant in office. Patients were classified according to their economic class; class A (11%), B (30%), C (34%), D (16%) and E (9%). 82% of the dentists reported the use of some type of insulation, (36% relative, 28% absolute, and 36% both). The degree of the patients’ acceptance to methods of moisture control was considered high, for 52% of the professionals. The main reason for choosing the absolute isolation was the control of infection (27%) and the relative was the practicality (24%). The rubber dam is mainly used in endodontics (38%) and the relative isolation is used in restorations (33%). The gender (p=0.6483), professional activity time (p=0.2576), training (p=0.0733) and presence of an office assistant (p=0.4127) haven’t significant influence in the type of isolation choice.
Conclusion: The most of dentists reported using some type of isolation of the operative field and indicated that the main advantages are the biosafety, practicality and quality of procedures performed.

Keywords


Dique de borracha; contaminação; dentística operatória



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/pboci.v11i3.993

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