Sociodemographic Factors and Oral Health Conditions Related to the Impact on the Quality of Life of Adolescents

Veronica maria da rocha Kozmhinsky, Mônica Heimer, Paulo Goes

Abstract


Objective: To identify the sociodemographic factors and the oral health conditions related to the impact on the quality of life of adolescents. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study with 1,417 students of both sex aged 15-19 years in São Lourenço da Mata - PE, Brazil. The collected information comprised sociodemographic data (gender, age, race / color), oral health status (dental caries, periodontal disease and pain) and impact on oral health-related quality of life of adolescents through the OIDP test. Statistical analysis used the Pearson’s chi-square test and multiple logistic regression, with 5% significance level. Results: High impact on oral health-related quality of life was evidenced in 66.1% of adolescents. The prevalence of dental caries, gingival bleeding and pain was respectively 51.29%, 49.60% and 73.6%. The multiple regression analysis found that the high impact on the quality of life was related to the oral health condition and sex of teenagers, showing that girls, who had higher prevalence of dental caries and pain, had greater impact related to oral health. Conclusion: Dental caries and pain of dental origin cause a high impact on the quality of life of adolescents, being higher among girls.


Keywords


Oral Health, Adolescents, Quality of life

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References


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