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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

Author Guidelines

The manuscript sent for publication must be original and the simultaneous submission to other journal, either Brazilian or international, is not allowed.

Manuscripts should be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript through the online system; however, the names and emails and ORCID IDs of all authors must be entered during submission. Only online submissions are accepted to facilitate rapid publication. Submissions by anyone other than one of the authors will not be accepted. The submitting author takes responsibility for the paper during submission and peer review.

Authorship: everyone listed as an author should meet our criteria for authorship. We expect that all authors will take public responsibility for the content of the manuscript submitted to PBOCI. The contributions of all authors must be described in title page.

It is mandatory to provide ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) number of the corresponding author and all co-authors upon submission of the manuscript to the PBOCI. Orcid number of all co-authors should be provide in the title page of the manuscript.



The manuscript should be written in ENGLISH language, in a clear, concise and objective form. Contact PBOCI by to get information about the recommended translation companies. Linguistic revisions performed by companies that do not provide the mentioned certificate will not be accepted.

The text should be provided as a Word for Windows file (doc), using a size 12 Times New Roman font, A4 page size, with 1.5 spacing and margins of 2.5 cm. The length of the manuscript is limited to 15 pages, including references, tables, and figures.

Title Page (compulsory data): Title, Author(s) [Names of all authors written out in full, including respective telephone numbers and email addresses for correspondence] and Author for correspondence. Data of institutional/professional affiliation of all authors, including Department, College/program, University (or other institution), City, State, and Country. DO NOT INCLUDE the author's titles (DDS, MSc, PhD, etc.) or position (Professor, Graduate student, etc.).

Emmanuel O. Amobi1, Jerome Mafeni2, Comfort Ayodele Adekoya-Sofowora3
1Department of Child Dental Health, Faculty of Dentistry, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu, Nigeria.
2African Comprehensive HIV/AIDS Partnerships (ACHAP), Gaborone, Botswana.
3Department of Child Dental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching  Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

The ORCID number of each author must be informed. The contributions of all authors must be described in title page.

Main Text

Abstract: A maximum of 280 words. The abstract should be structured with the following divisions: Objective, Methods, Results, and Conclusion.

Keywords: Ranging from 3 (three) to 5 (five) five keywords, chosen from the keywords registered at Medical Subject Headings of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Introduction: State the purpose and summarize the rationale for the study or observation. The objective(s) and/or hypothesis of the study should be stated in the last paragraph. Avoid presentation of an extensive review of the field.

Material and Methods: Describe your selection of the observational or experimental participants (patients or laboratory animals, including controls) clearly, including eligibility and exclusion criteria and a description of the source population. Identify the methods, apparatus (give the manufacturer's name and address in parentheses), and procedures in sufficient detail to allow other workers to reproduce the results. Authors should have considered the ethical aspects of their research and should ensure that the project was approved by an appropriate ethical committee, which should be stated. Type of statistical analysis must be described clearly and carefully.

Results: Present your results in a logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations, giving the main or most important findings first.

Discussion: This is the only proper section for subjective comments and reference to previous literature. Inferences, deductions, and conclusions should be limited to the findings of the study (conservative generalization).

Conclusion: This should clearly explain the main conclusions of the work highlighting its importance and relevance.

Author's Contributions: The individual contributions of authors to the manuscript should be specified in this section. CRediT statements should be provided during the submission process and will appear above the acknowledgement section of the published paper as show: Conceptualization, Methodology, Software, Validation, Formal Analysis, Investigation, Resources, Data Curation, Writing - Original Draft, Writing - Review and Editing, Visualization, Supervision, Project Administration, Funding Acquisition.

Financial Support: Any kind of financial support (funding, grants, sponsorship) you have received should be informing (agency and grant number).

Conflict of Interest: The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Acknowledgments: When appropriate, briefly acknowledge technical assistance, advice and contributions from colleagues. People who contributed to the work but do not fit the criteria for authors should be listed in the Acknowledgments section, along with their contributions.

Data Availability: The PBOCI encourage or require the provision of data availability statements.

Tables: Tables must be submitted in Word (.doc) or Excel (.xls), not as an image. Should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals and should have an explanatory title. Each table should be typed on a separate page with regard to the proportion of the printed column/page and contain only horizontal lines.

Figures and illustrations: Each figure should have a legend.


  • References must follow the Journal's style. Authors should refer to a current issue of the PBOCI for guidance on reference citation and presentation of the reference list.
  • All references should be cited within the text; otherwise, these references will be automatically removed.
  • Authors are responsible for ensuring that the information in each reference is complete and accurate. A maximum of 40 references should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text (Vancouver System).
  • All references must be numbered consecutively and citations of references in text should be identified using numbers in square brackets (e.g., “as discussed by some authors [2]”; “as discussed elsewhere [1,5,12]”). Please include the DOI number .
  • Non-refereed material and, if possible, non-english publications should be avoided. Congress abstracts, unaccepted papers, unpublished observations, and personal communications may not be placed in the reference list.
  • If seven or more authors, list up to six followed by “et al.

Journal and book references should be set out as in the following examples:

Published Papers. First 6 authors followed by et al., Title, Journal, Year, Volume, Complete Pages.
Amobi EO, Mafeni J, Adekoya-Sofowora CA. Perceived and normative needs of facial cleft patients seen in Nigeria. Pesqui Bras Odontopediatria Clín Integr 2018; 18(1):e3841.

Book, Whole. Authors, Book title, Edition, City, Publisher, Year.
Meyer-Lueckel H, Paris S, Ekstrand K. Caries Management: Science and Clinical Practice. New York: Thieme; 2013. 436p.

Book, Chapter. Authors, Chapter Title, Editors, Book title, Edition, City, Publisher, Year, Pages of citation.
Bardow A, Vissink A. Saliva and caries development. In: Fejerskov O, Nyvad B, Kidd E. Dental Caries: The Disease and its Clinical Management. 4th. ed. London: Wiley-Blackwell; 2015.

Internet Communication. Ensure that URLs are active and available. Provide DOI, if available.
Developmental toxicology. Available from: [Accessed on May 18, 2015]

Ministry of Health, Department of Planning. Annual Statistical Report. Abu Dhabi: Ministry of Health, 2001.


Article Processing Charge (APC)

All articles published in PBOCI are open access and freely available online, immediately upon publication. This is made possible by an article-processing charge (APC) that covers the range of publishing services we provide. Publication fees are fixed and independent of article page length.


Editors and reviewers have no access to whether authors are able to pay; the acceptance of a manuscript is based exclusively on scientific criteria for quality, novelty and relevance.


Revision Criteria
Pre-evaluation: manuscripts in accordance with the instructions will be appreciated by Editorial Office regarding its adequacy to Journal scope and the presentation of all required documents. Papers considerated inadequate will be returned to authors for adjustments


Peer Review Process

On submission, editorial office review all submitted manuscripts initially for suitability for formal review. Manuscripts with insufficient originality, serious scientific or technical flaws, or lack of a significant message are rejected before proceeding for formal peer-review.

All articles will be critically reviewed by the Editor and invited referees within 4 months.

The reviewers should not be affiliated with the same institutes as the contributor/s.

Every manuscript is also assigned to a member of the editorial team, who based on the comments from the reviewers takes a final decision on the manuscript. The comments and suggestions (acceptance/ rejection/ amendments in manuscript) received from reviewers are conveyed to the corresponding author.

If required, the author is requested to provide a point by point response to reviewers’ comments and submit a revised version of the manuscript. This process is repeated till reviewers and editors are satisfied with the manuscript.

All authors of must disclose any and all conflicts of interest they may have with publication of the manuscript or an institution or product that is mentioned in the manuscript and/or is important to the outcome of the study presented. Authors should also disclose conflict of interest with products that compete with those mentioned in their manuscript.

Manuscripts accepted for publication are copy edited for grammar, punctuation, print style, and format. Page proofs are sent to the corresponding author.

The whole process of submission of the manuscript to final decision and sending and receiving proofs is completed online.


Copyright Transfer

All manuscripts submitted for publication must be accompanied by a Copyright Transfer Form. The form states that it will be the exclusive property of the PBOCI, and it can be reproduced, in whole or in part, by any other means of disclosure, either printed or electronic, provided that the source is cited, giving due credit to the PBOCI.

It's necessary to send the signed copyright form in PDF file with complete name and e-mail of all the authors together with the manuscript.

It is necessary to send the ethical committee certificate together with the manuscript.


Galley Proofs

Galley proofs will be sent to the corresponding author by electronic mail in pdf format for final approval and should be returned with corrections, if necessary, within 5 days.


Send of the manuscripts

Submission should be sent electronically through the ScholarOne system. (

If you need further assistance, please contact the Journal Staff (

Original Articles

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