Dentigerous Cyst: An Epidemiologic Study of 192 Cases

Ricardo Wathson Feitosa de CARVALHO, Rafael Linard AVELAR, Fábio Andrey da Costa ARAÚJO, Emanuel Sávio de Souza ANDRADE, José Rodrigues LAUREANO FILHO, Belmiro Cavalcanti do Egito VASCONCELOS

Abstract


Objective: To evaluate the clinical and epidemiological of dentigerous cysts in a period of 18 years.
Method: We conducted a retrospective study in the database of 5200 reports in the field of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and Center for Clinical Research in Surgery and Traumatology Buco-Maxillo-Facial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Pernambuco - FOP / UPE, the From January 1992 to January 2010, and selected 192 cases diagnosed as dentigerous cyst. The variables analyzed were: gender, ethnicity, age, associated symptoms, anatomical location, lesion size and biopsy performance. For statistical analysis we used SPSS (v. 17.0), with which we applied the chi-square. The value of p, when less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: In this sample, the males showed two times more affected than females (2:1), with predominance in Caucasians (56.7%) in the second decade of life (42.4%). In 80% of cases the lesion was asymptomatic, showing a slight predilection for the mandible (56.5%), not statistically significant. When assessing the size of the lesions, 84.8% of cases showed no greater than 4 cm in its largest diameter, and the biopsy, the majority (67.4%), the type of intervention performed, proving to be statistically significant in cases of lesions with dimensions larger than 4 cm.
Conclusion:. In this sample, this entity was higher expression in males, Caucasians, young, asymptomatic lesions of small extent, with a slight predilection for the mandible, excision biopsy intervention of choice.

Keywords


Cistos dentígeros; Patologia bucal; Diagnóstico bucal.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4034/pboci.v11i3.782

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