Evaluation of Microleakage at the Junction Between Combined Amalgam/Composite Resin Restorations Using Different Bonding Systems in Class II Cavities
Keywords:Dental Leakage, Dental Restoration, Permanent, Dental Amalgam, Dental Bonding
AbstractObjective: To evaluate the microleakage at the junction between amalgam-composite resin restorations using different bonding systems. Material and Methods: In this in-vitro study, standard class II cavities were prepared on 40 human maxillary premolars. The axial and gingival floor depths of the cavities were 2 mm and 1 mm below (cementoenamel junction), respectively. The samples were divided into 4 groups (n = 10). In all groups, a layer of 1-mm thick amalgam was used as a coating for the initial part of the gingival floor. In group 1, no bonding system was used for amalgam restoration. In group 2, G-Premio Bond was applied. G-Premio bond + alloy primer and single bond + alloy primer were used in group 3 and group 4, respectively. The rest of the cavities in all groups were then repaired using FiltekZ250 composite. The samples were thermocycled at 500 rpm and immersed in 1% methylene blue solution for 24 hours to allow dye penetration. Once cut, the samples were placed under a stereomicroscope (40X) to determine the microleakage rate. Data analysis was carried out using post-hoc and Chi-square tests (p<0.05). Results: The highest and lowest microleakage rate was related to groups 1 and 3, respectively. There was a significant difference between groups (1,2) and (1,3), and (1,4), and groups (2,3) (p<0.05). Conclusion: The use of alloy primer and bonding could reduce the microleakage between the two restorations.
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