Comparison Between Radiographs, White and Fluorescent Images in the Diagnosis and Treatment Decisions for Occlusal Caries: An Ex Vivo Study


  • Luciana Pereira da Silva
  • Luan Ferreira Bastos
  • Clara Silva Avellar Mascarenhas
  • Ricardo Tadeu Lopes
  • Michelle Mikhael Ammari
  • Luciana Pomarico
  • Ivete Pomarico Ribeiro de Souza
  • Maria Augusta Visconti
  • Aline de Almeida Neves


Diagnostic Imaging, Clinical Decision-Making, X-Ray Microtomography, Dental Caries


Objective: To compare the agreement of images in white light (WL), fluorescence (FL), and digital radiographs (DR), on the diagnosis and treatment decisions for occlusal caries lesions against a micro-CT gold standard. Material and Methods: Ten extracted third molars, with enamel and/or dentin caries (ICDAS 2-4), were included. Occlusal surface images were acquired with an intraoral camera (SoproLife®) in WL and FL modes. DR was obtained using an intraoral X-ray and a semi-direct digital system. A total of 780 images were needed, organized in a template, to be later examined by twenty-six dentists invited to compose the study. The Generalized Estimation Equations model was used to compare the proportions of the correct answers between the three methods and the gold standard. When significant, Bonferroni post-hoc test was used to identify differences (α=5%). Results: Most of the examiners were specialists (76.9%) with 14.5 years of experience. All diagnostic methods were similar and showed low agreement (DR 12.7%, WL 16.5%, and FL 16.5%) compared with gold standard caries diagnostic scores. Regarding treatment decisions, mean agreement for all diagnostic methods was higher (43.2%; p<0.001), and among all methods, WL (48.1%) and FL (51.2%) modes performed better than DR (30.4%, p<0.001). Conclusion: SoproLife® images could help clinicians to propose rational, minimally invasive treatments for occlusal caries lesions.


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How to Cite

da Silva, L. P., Bastos, L. F., Mascarenhas, C. S. A., Lopes, R. T., Ammari, M. M., Pomarico, L., de Souza, I. P. R., Visconti, M. A., & Neves, A. de A. (2023). Comparison Between Radiographs, White and Fluorescent Images in the Diagnosis and Treatment Decisions for Occlusal Caries: An Ex Vivo Study. Pesquisa Brasileira Em Odontopediatria E Clínica Integrada, 23, e210162. Retrieved from



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