A 12-month Follow-Up Study of Pulp Oxygen Saturation in Deciduous Molars After Selective and Nonselective Carious-Tissue Removal: A Randomized Pilot Trial


  • Pierre Adriano Moreno Neves
  • Soraia de Fátima Carvalho Souza
  • Luciano Casagrande
  • Fernando Borba de Araujo
  • Cayara Mattos Costa
  • Cecilia Claudia Costa Ribeiro


Dental Caries, Dental Cavity Preparation, Tooth, Deciduous, Oximetry, Dental Pulp Necrosis


Objective: To compare the pulp vitality of deciduous molars before and after selective caries removal (SCR) or nonselective caries removal to hard dentin (NSCR) over one year, using oxygen saturation percentage (%SaO2). Material and Methods: Deciduous molars with deep occlusal/proximal-occlusal caries lesions were randomized to SCR (n=22) or NSCR groups (n=22). After the caries removal, the teeth were protected with calcium hydroxide cement and restored with composite resin (Filtek Z250). The pulp condition diagnosis was evaluated at baseline, immediately after caries removal, and follow-up (7 days, 1-, 6- and 12-months) by %SaO2. Pulp exposure and pulp necrosis were primary outcomes, and %SaO2 was secondary. Results: Intraoperative pulp exposure occurred in four teeth of the NSCR group (18.2%) and one tooth of the SCR group (4.5%) (p>0.05). Two cases of pulp necrosis occurred in the NSCR group (10%). No difference in %SaO2 pulp was observed in the inter-and intragroup comparison over time (p>0.05). Conclusion: Advantageously, the %SaO2 minimizes preoperatory pulp vitality diagnosis subjectivity before SCR/ NSCR treatments. Furthermore, the pilot study results suggest the pulp response of deciduous molars, when evaluated by clinical, radiographic, and pulp %SaO2 seems not to differ between teeth treated with SCR or NSCR.


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How to Cite

Neves, P. A. M., Souza, S. de F. C., Casagrande, L., de Araujo, F. B., Costa, C. M., & Ribeiro, C. C. C. (2023). A 12-month Follow-Up Study of Pulp Oxygen Saturation in Deciduous Molars After Selective and Nonselective Carious-Tissue Removal: A Randomized Pilot Trial. Pesquisa Brasileira Em Odontopediatria E Clínica Integrada, 23, e210196. Retrieved from https://revista.uepb.edu.br/PBOCI/article/view/1883



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