Impact of Internet Addiction on Academic Performance of Undergraduate Dental Students of Bhubaneswar, India


  • Ramesh Nagarajappa
  • Upasana Dhar
  • Dharmashree Satyarup
  • Marlin Jena


Dentists, Internet, Internet Addiction Disorder, Students


Objective: To assess the level of internet addiction and its impact on the academic performance of undergraduate dental students of Bhubaneswar. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive survey was steered among 814 undergraduate dental students (representing first year through internship) in Bhubaneswar, India. Internet addiction was assessed with the Internet Addiction Test (IAT) developed by Young, which consisted of 20 items rated on a 5-point Likert scale. Google Forms were used to collect the data. Statistical tests like Chi-square, Kruskal-Wallis, and Spearman correlation coefficient were used to analyze the qualitative and quantitative variables, respectively, with the significance level set at p ≤ 0.05. Results: The prevalence of Internet Addiction was found to be 27.5%. Interns showed the highest mean Internet Addiction (57.91±10.71) score. The proportion of addicted students was higher in males, 74 (31.4%), than in females, 150 (26%). The mean scores for individual domains were overuse (16.31±3.64), non-restraints (7.77±2.66), inhibiting the flow of life (9.52±3.05), emotional state (11.25±2.86), and dependence (10.47±2.53). A correlation coefficient (Spearman’s rho value of -.167) indicates a negative correlation between internet addiction and academic scores, which was statistically significant (p=0.001). Conclusion: This study revealed that internet use for varying purposes eventually leads to addiction and affects students’ academic performance. The affected students need early intervention and control over internet usage.


Kumar S, Kumar A, Badiyani B, Singh SK, Gupta A, Ismail MB. Relationship of internet addiction with depression and academic performance in Indian dental students. Clujul Med 2018; 91(3):300-6.

Bhatt S, Gaur A. Psychological risk factors associated with internet and smartphone addiction among students of an Indian dental institute. Indian J Public Health 2019; 63(4):313-7.

Fu KW, Chan WS, Wong PW, Yip PS. Internet addiction: Prevalence, discriminant validity and correlates among adolescents in Hong Kong. Br J Psychiatry 2010; 196(6):486-92.

Ni X, Yan H, Chen S, Liu Z. Factors influencing internet addiction in a sample of freshmen university students in China. Cyberpsychol Behav 2009; 12(3):327-30.

Goel D, Subramanyam A, Kamath R. A study on the prevalence of internet addiction and its association with psychopathology in Indian adolescents. Indian J Psychiatry 2013; 55(2):140-3.

Young KS. Internet Addiction Test (IAT). Stoelting; 2016. Available from: [Accessed on June 05, 2020].

Sharma MK, Rao GN, Benegal V, Thennarasu K, Thomas D. Technology addiction survey: An emerging concern for raising awareness and promotion of healthy use of technology. Indian J Psychol Med 2017; 39(4):495-9.

Yadav P, Banwari G, Parmar C, Maniar R. Internet addiction and its correlates among high school students: a preliminary study from Ahmedabad, India. Asian J Psychiatr 2013; 6(6):500-5.

Vyjayanthi S, Makharam S, Afraz M, Gajrekar S. Gender differences in the prevalence and features of internet addiction among Indian college students. Medica Innovatica 2014; 3(2):49-53.

Krishnamurthy S, Chetlapalli SK. Internet addiction: Prevalence and risk factors: A cross-sectional study among college students in Bengaluru, the Silicon Valley of India. Indian J Public Health 2015; 59(2):115-21.

Gedam SR, Ghosh S, Modi L, Goyal A, Manshramani H. Study of Internet Addiction: Prevalence, Pattern, and Psychopathology among Health Professional Undergraduates. Indian J Soc Psychiatry 2017; 33(4):305-11.

Young KS. Internet addiction: The emergence of a new clinical disorder. Cyberpsychol Behav 1998; 1(3):237-44.

Kumar S, Tadakamadla J, Tibdewal H, Duraiswamy P, Kulkarni S. Internet usage among undergraduate dental students in India. Rev Odonto Ciencia 2010; 25(3):261-5.

Moreno MA, Jelenchick L, Cox E, Young H, Christakis DA. Problematic internet use among US youth: a systematic review. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2011; 165(9):797-805.

Niemz K, Griffiths M, Banyard P. Prevalence of pathological Internet use among university students and correlations with self-esteem, the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), and disinhibition. Cyberpsychol Behav 2005; 8(6):562-70.

Lin MP, Ko HC, Wu JY. Prevalence and psychosocial risk factors associated with internet addiction in a nationally representative sample of college students in Taiwan. Cyberpsycholo Behav Soc Netw 2011; 14(12):741-6.

Kumar M, Mondal A. A study on Internet addiction and its relation to psychopathology and self-esteem among college students. Ind Psychiatry J 2018; 27(1):61.

Joseph J, Varghese A, VR V, Dhandapani M, Grover S, Sharma S, et al. Prevalence of internet addiction among college students in the Indian setting: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Gen Psychiatry 2021; 34(4):e100496.

Saleem M, Tufail M, Khan R, Ismail R. Internet Addiction: It’s relation with loneliness among undergraduate students of South-Punjab, Pakistan. Sci Int Lahore 2015; 27(2):1469-79.

Haque M, Rahman NA, Majumder MA, Haque SZ, Kamal ZM, Islam Z, et al. Internet use and addiction among medical students of Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia. Psychol Res Behav Manag 2016; 9:297-307.

Trivedi J. Cognitive deficits in psychiatric disorders: current status. Indian J Psychiatry 2006; 48(1):10.

Nalwa K, Anand AP. Internet addiction in students: a cause of concern. Cyberpsychol Behav 2003; 6(6):653-6.

Anderson KJ. Internet use among college students: an exploratory study. J Am Coll Health Assoc 2001; 50(1):21-6.

Scherer K. College Life on-Line: Healthy and Unhealthy Internet Use. J Coll Stud Dev 1997; 38(6):655-65.

Rücker J, Akre C, Berchtold A, Suris J-C. Problematic Internet use is associated with substance use in young adolescents. Acta Paediatr 2015; 104(5):504-7.

Gautam V, Singh VR HH, Dayma ARV. Prevalence of Internet addiction among BDS students in UCMS, Bhairahawa, Nepal. Research Gate 2020; 6(1):43-5.

Mohamed G, Bernouss R. A cross-sectional study on Internet addiction among Moroccan high school students, its prevalence and association with poor scholastic performance. Int J Adolesc Youth 2020; 25(1):479-90.

Ceyhan AA. Predictors of problematic Internet use on Turkish university students. Cyberpsychol Behav 2008; 11(3):363-6.

Al-Gamal E, Alzayyat A, Ahmad MM. Prevalence of internet addiction and its association with psychological distress and coping strategies among university students in Jordan. Perspect Psychiatr Care 2016; 52(1):49-61.

Yılmaz E, Griffiths MD, Kan A. Development and Validation of Videogame Addiction Scale for Children (VASC). Int J Ment Health Addict 2017; 15(4):869-82.

Türel YK, Toraman M. The relationship between internet addiction and academic success of secondary school students. Anthropologist 2015; 20(1-2):280-8.

Ko CH, Yen JY, Chen CC, Chen SH, Yen CF. Proposed diagnostic criteria of internet addiction for adolescents. J Nerv Ment Dis 2005; 193(11):728-33.

Frangos CC, Frangos CC, Sotiropoulos I. Problematic Internet use among Greek university students: an ordinal logistic regression with risk factors of negative psychological beliefs, pornographic sites, and online games. Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw 2011; 14(1-2):51-8.

Esen E, Siyez DMM. An Investigation of psycho-social variables in predicting internet addiction among adolescents. Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi 2011; 4(36):127-36.




How to Cite

Nagarajappa, R., Dhar, U., Satyarup, D., & Jena, M. (2023). Impact of Internet Addiction on Academic Performance of Undergraduate Dental Students of Bhubaneswar, India. Pesquisa Brasileira Em Odontopediatria E Clínica Integrada, 23, e220074. Retrieved from



Original Articles