Factors Affecting Clinical Performance among Pakistani Dental Students: A Cross-Sectional Study


  • Sarah Ali
  • Naveen Farooq
  • Osama Khattak
  • Rakhi Issrani
  • Azhar Iqbal


Dentistry, Students, Health Occupations, Clinical Competence


Objective: To identify the factors affecting clinical performance among dental students and to help addressing these problems. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study in which students of third and final year of dentistry participated. Data was collected from June 2022 till September 2022. Data was collected from the third and final year dental students of both public and private dental colleges within the Pakistan using a purposive sampling technique. Results: A total of 372 dental students participated in this study. Thirty eight (31.9%) students belonged to third year while 81 (68.1%) were final year students from government college. For the private dental college, 121 (47.8%) were third year students while 132 (52.2%) were final year students. Majority of the participants were males from both the colleges. 42.9% of government dental students and 26.5% of private dental students agreed on well-preparedness of clinical instructors. 5.5% from private and 21.0% from government dental colleges agreed that adequate personal protective equipment were present in clinical departments. Conclusion: From this study, it is concluded that there should be focus more focus on the factors to enhance clinical skills, supervision of students in clinical practice to help addressing the problems faced during learning and performance in a clinical environment, to produce self-confident, motivated, knowledgeable, skillful and a professional dental graduates.


Gemuhay HM, Kalolo A, Mirisho R, Chipwaza B, Nyangena E. Factors affecting performance in clinical practice among preservice diploma nursing students in Northern Tanzania. Nurs Res Pract 2019; 2019:3453085. https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/3453085

Kyeung-Ae J. Factors affecting clinical competency of dental hygiene students. J Korea Converg Soc 2015; 6(6):35-42. https://doi.org/10.15207/JKCS.2015.6.6.035 [In Korean].

Abrahamson KA, Fox RL, Doebbeling BN. Facilitators and barriers to clinical practice guideline use among nurses. Am J Nurs 2012; 112(7):26-35; quiz 46,36. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.NAJ.0000415957.46932.bf

Kalkwarf KL, Haden NK, Valachovic RW. ADEA Commission on change and innovation in dental education. J Dent Educ 2005; 69(10):1085-1087.

Jamshidi N, Molazem Z, Sharif F, Torabizadeh C, Najafi Kalyani M. The challenges of nursing students in the clinical learning environment: a qualitative study. Sci World J 2016; 2016:1846178. https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/1846178

Masenga HH. Assessment of the factors influencing low academic performance in final nursing examinations: a case of certificate and diploma programmes in eastern Zone, Tanzania. Masters Thesis. The Open University of Tanzania; 2015.

Santen SA, Holt DB, Kemp JD, Hemphill RR. Burnout in medical students: examining the prevalence and associated factors. South Med J 2010; 103(8):758-763. https://doi.org/10.1097/SMJ.0b013e3181e6d6d4

Hand H. Promoting effective teaching and learning in the clinical setting. Nurs Stand 2006; 20(39):55-63; quiz 64. https://doi.org/10.7748/ns2006.

Singh AS. Common procedures for development, validity and reliability of a questionnaire. Int J Economics Commerce Manag 2017; 5(5):790-801.

Ebbeling S, Adam L, Meldrum A, Rich A, McLean A, Aitken W. Oral health and dental students' perceptions of their clinical learning environment: a focus group study. J Dent Educ 2018; 82(10):1036-1042. https://doi.org/10.21815/JDE.018.102

Snowdon DA, Leggat SG, Taylor NF. Does clinical supervision of healthcare professionals improve effectiveness of care and patient experience? A systematic review. BMC Health Serv Res 2017; 17(1):786. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-017-2739-5

Ergünol E, Şemsi R, Sepici Dinçel A. There is value in taking the time to teach history of dentistry and ethics in dentistry curriculum. Turkish J Biochem 2022; 47(2):227-231. https://doi.org/10.1515/tjb-2017-0094

Collier A. The importance of adequate history taking in dentistry. Dent Nurs 2014; 10(5):288-290. https://doi.org/10.12968/denn.2014.10.5.288

Delmang TK. Entrepreneurial skills' training packages on disinfectant production among universities chemistry students in North Central, Nigeria. KIU J Soc Sci 2019; 5(1):7-18.

Abd El Azize T, Ibrahim MA. Health education barriers, encountered by nurses at oral healthcare units. Menoufia Nurs J 2016; 1(2):133-146. https://doi.org/10.21608/menj.2016.120409

Coulthard P. Dentistry and coronavirus (COVID-19) - moral decision-making. Br Dent J 2020; 228(7):503-505. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41415-020-1482-1

Orsini CA, Tricio JA, Segura C, Tapia D. Exploring teachers' motivation to teach: a multisite study on the associations with the work climate, students' motivation, and teaching approaches. J Dent Educ 2020; 84(4):429-437. https://doi.org/10.1002/jdd.12050




How to Cite

Ali, S., Farooq, N., Khattak, O., Issrani, R., & Iqbal, A. (2023). Factors Affecting Clinical Performance among Pakistani Dental Students: A Cross-Sectional Study. Pesquisa Brasileira Em Odontopediatria E Clínica Integrada, 24, e220193. Retrieved from https://revista.uepb.edu.br/PBOCI/article/view/2788



Original Articles