Evaluation of Masticatory Performance and Patient Satisfaction Before and After Posterior Implant Restoration
Keywords:Dental Implantation, Mastication, Chewing Gum, Patient Satisfaction
Objective: To evaluate the improvement in masticatory performances two weeks after posterior implant restoration. Material and Methods: Nine patients with missing first and second molars were included in the study. Masticatory performances were evaluated using subjective and objective methods utilizing color-changeable chewing gum and the visual analog scale (VAS) assessment. The subjects were asked to chew the color-changeable chewing gums before and two weeks after the posterior implant restoration. Their expectations regarding aesthetics and function were verified on the VAS before implant placement. Additionally, the VAS was used for the posttreatment completion rating two weeks after the implant restoration. Results: Significant differences in masticatory performance were noted at baseline (before implant posterior restoration) and two weeks after implant restoration (p<0.05). The posttreatment aesthetic and functional expectations ratings significantly exceeded the expectations (p<0.05). Conclusion: Masticatory performances were improved two weeks after implant restoration. In addition, the significant posttreatment ratings of the patients exceeded their initial expectations. In particular, patients with poor masticatory functions demonstrated significant improvements and satisfaction following implant restoration compared to those with good mastication. These findings indicate that a posterior implant restoration can increase the masticatory performance.
Kim Y, Kim H, Yi Y, Yun P. Evaluation of subjective satisfaction of dental implant patients. J Korean Assoc Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2014; 40(3):130-4. https://doi.org/10.5125/jkaoms.2014.40.3.130
Baracat LF, Teixeira AM, Santos MBF, Cunha VPP, Marchini L. Patients’ expectations before and evaluation after dental implant therapy. Clin Implant Dent Relat Res 2011; 13(2):141-5. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1708-8208.2009.00191.x.
Kang S, Lee S, Kwon H, Kim B, Kim B. Short-term improvement of masticatory function after implant restoration. J Periodontal Implant Sci 2015; 45(6):205-9. https://doi.org/10.5051/jpis.2015.45.6.205
Wennerberg A, Galli S, Albrektsson T. Current knowledge about the hydrophilic and nanostructured SLActive surface. Clin Cosmet Investig Dent 2011; 3:59-67. https://doi.org/10.2147/CCIDEN.S15949
Youk S, Lee J, Park J, Heo S, Roh H, Park E. A survey of the satisfaction of patients who have undergone implant surgery with and without employing a computer-guided implant surgical template. J Adv Prosthodont 2014; 6(5):395-405. https://doi.org/10.4047/jap.2014.6.5.395
Gonçalves TMSV, Campos CH, Gonçalves GM, Moraes M, Garcia RCMR. Mastication improvement after partial implant-supported prosthesis use. J Dent Res. 2013; 92(12 Suppl):189S-94S. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022034513508556
Hama Y, Kanazawa M, Minakuchi S, Uchida T, Sasaki Y. Reliability and validity of a quantitative color scale to evaluate masticatory performance using color-changeable chewing gum. J Med Dent Sci 2014; 61(1):1-6.
Tarkowska A, Katzer L, Ahlers MO. Assessment of masticatory performance by means of a color-changeable chewing gum. J Prosthodont Res 2017; 61(1):9-19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpor.2016.04.004
Su O. A study on satisfaction of dental implant patients. Available from: https://scholarcommons.sc.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=5425&context=etd. [Accessed on January 10, 2020).
Annibali S, Vestri AR, Pilotto A, Monaca GL, Carlo SD, Cristalli MP. Patient satisfaction with oral implant rehabilitation: evaluation of responses to a questionnaire. Ann Stomatol 2010; 1(3-4):2-8.
Vieira RA, Melo ACM, Budel LA, Gama JC, de Mattias Sartori IAM, Thomé G. Benefits of rehabilitation with implants in masticatory function: is patient perception of change in accordance. J Oral Implantol 2014; 40(3):263-9. https://doi.org/10.1563/AAID-JOI-D-11-00208
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Pesquisa Brasileira em Odontopediatria e Clínica Integrada
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.