Comparative Analysis of Sliding Resistance of Different Lingual Systems


  • Paolo Albertini
  • Filippo Franciosi
  • Mario Palone
  • Francesco Mollica
  • Francesca Cremonini


Orthodontics, Orthodontic Wires, Orthodontic Brackets


Objective: To analyse and compare the frictional properties of 4 lingual systems combined with two types of stainless steel archwire (0.016x0.022, 0.018x0.025) and a 0.018x0.025 TMA archwire by simulating different misalignment situations in vitro. Material and Methods: Five randomly chosen brackets from each system (e-Brace, Harmony, Incognito, and STb) were used for the measurements and to simulate an upper first premolar extraction case. The friction tests were performed using a material testing machine in combination with a specialized test rig. Results: The lowest absolute friction values were found with the 0.016x0.022 SS wire in a passive configuration. STb provided the lowest mean friction, while Harmony brackets displayed the highest friction. The TMA Beta Titanium wire showed the highest friction values, but maintained proportions similar to those of the other wires as tip and torsion increased. Conclusion: The type of bracket has a significant impact on friction, and there is a positive correlation between mesiodistal bracket width and resistance to sliding. The archwire sections and materials and the vertical displacement, also significantly affect the friction generated by the system.


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How to Cite

Albertini, P. ., Franciosi, F. ., Palone, M. ., Mollica, F. ., & Cremonini, F. . (2021). Comparative Analysis of Sliding Resistance of Different Lingual Systems. Pesquisa Brasileira Em Odontopediatria E Clínica Integrada, 21, e210025. Retrieved from



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