3D Assessment of the Correlation between Neonatal Morphology and Occlusal Outcomes in 5-Year-Old Patients with Complete Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate


  • Francesca Cremonini
  • Monica Cimadamore
  • Ugo Baciliero
  • Francesca Cervinara
  • Mario Palone
  • Paolo Albertini


Jaw Abnormalities, Orthodontics, Child, Palate


Objective: To exploit 3D measurement technology to determine any correlation between neonatal palate morphology and occlusal outcomes at five years in patients receiving surgery for unilateral cleft lip and palate (CLP). Material and Methods: Twenty-nine neonatal and 5-year models treated by the same surgeon using the same protocol for CLP correction were scanned using a high-resolution structured-light scanner and stored in stl format. Dedicated software was used to make linear and surface area measurements on the neonatal models, and each digitized 5-year model was assigned a Five-Year-Old (5YO) index score on three separate occasions by the same investigator. Results: Minimum, maximum, mean, standard deviation and standard error were calculated for each variable considered, and the Pearson coefficient was used to identify any correlations between neonatal variables and 5YO scores. Linear regression analysis showed that the only variable to approach significance was the posterior width of the cleft, which showed an R2 equal to 0.111, indicating that it accounts for 11% of the variability of the 5YO index. There was no other appreciable correlation between linear measurements, surface areas, or their inter-relationships. Conclusion: There is no correlation between neonatal morphological characteristics and occlusal outcomes at 5 years in CLP patients treated via the surgical protocol considered.


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How to Cite

Cremonini, F. ., Cimadamore, M. ., Baciliero, U. ., Cervinara, F. ., Palone, M. ., & Albertini, P. . (2021). 3D Assessment of the Correlation between Neonatal Morphology and Occlusal Outcomes in 5-Year-Old Patients with Complete Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate. Pesquisa Brasileira Em Odontopediatria E Clínica Integrada, 21, e0020. Retrieved from https://revista.uepb.edu.br/PBOCI/article/view/769



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