Cephalometric for Orthognathic Surgery (COGS) Analysis for Saudi Population


  • Ayesha Siddika
  • Shaifulizan Ab Rahman
  • Mohammad Khursheed Alam


Orthodontics, Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures, Cephalometry


Objective: To establish the cephalometric (Ceph.) norm by Ceph. for orthognathic surgery (COGS) analysis for Saudi population. Material and Methods: 500 adult Saudi samples (250 males and 250 females) with the age range of 18-30 years old were selected for this study. The selections of samples were based on a normal occlusal relationship, no history of facial trauma and no previous orthodontic treatment. Lateral Ceph. radiographs were tracing by CASSOS software and analyzed by SPSS software according to COGS analysis. Results: Significant differences were showed between the Saudi males and females on most of the Ceph. parameters. The Saudi males had a convex facial profile with chin prominent and more bimaxillary protrusion, upper and lower lip protrusion than the Saudi females. Conclusion: This study evaluated the craniofacial morphological difference between the male and the female population in Saudi Arabia by using COGS analysis. The finding of this study will help for better diagnosis of orthodontic and orthognathic surgical treatment planning and identify the morphological facial characteristics of Saudi patients.


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How to Cite

Siddika, A. ., Rahman, S. A. ., & Alam, M. K. . (2021). Cephalometric for Orthognathic Surgery (COGS) Analysis for Saudi Population. Pesquisa Brasileira Em Odontopediatria E Clínica Integrada, 21, e0090. Retrieved from https://revista.uepb.edu.br/PBOCI/article/view/785



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