The Turing Test. Intelligence. Machine Intelligence. Turing-intelligence.


The Turing Test (TT), developed by Alan Turing as “the imitation game” in his paper Computing Machinery and Intelligence (1950), brought to light the discussion about the (im)possibility of thinking and intelligent digital machines. This paper revisits the Turing Test and analyzes the concept of intelligence under its light, exploring Turing's understanding of intelligence. The focus is on whether Turing views intelligence as human intelligence (referred to here as genuine intelligence) or as some other type of intelligence. The research results suggest: 1) The possibility to argue the Turing Test as not being developed to assess whether the digital computer involved possesses genuine (human) intelligence or not, but rather to evaluate if it can be intelligent in a different sense, termed hereby Turing-intelligence; 2) The Turing Test is achievable in practice, given some modifications, resulting in a new version of the test, named herewith the Ideal Turing Test. Therefore, the findings indicate that the TT can be interpreted to support the hypothesis that passing such test is a sufficient condition for an AI system to possess not genuine intelligence, but rather another type of intelligence, namely Turing-intelligence.

Biografia do Autor

Victor Pereira Gomes, Universidade Estadual da Paraíba

Possui Doutorado em Filosofia, pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil (2023). Possui Mestrado em Filosofia (Lógica Matemática/Teoria da Computabilidade), pela Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Brasil (2016). Possui Graduação em Licenciatura Plena em Filosofia, pela Universidade Estadual da Paraíba, Brasil (2011). Foi integrante do Grupo de Pesquisa em Teoria da Computabilidade - UFPB/CNPq (2014-2020). Atua como professor substituto do Departamento de Filosofia da Universidade Estadual da Paraíba - Campus I. Atuou como professor EBTT substituto no Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia da Paraíba - Campus Itaporanga (2022-2024). Atuou como professor substituto do Departamento de Filosofia da Universidade Estadual da Paraíba - Campus I (2019-2021). Tem experiência na área de Filosofia Analítica, com ênfase em Lógica Matemática, Teoria da Computabilidade, Filosofia da Inteligência Artificial, Filosofia da Mente e Filosofia da Linguagem, atuando principalmente nos seguintes temas: Lógica Clássica, Computabilidade Clássica, Inteligência Artificial (Teste de Turing) e Teorias Computacionais da Mente.


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Como Citar

Pereira Gomes, V. (2024). ON THE CONCEPT OF INTELLIGENCE IN THE CONTEXT OF THE TURING TEST. REVISTA INSTANTE, 6(2), 26–46. Recuperado de https://revista.uepb.edu.br/revistainstante/article/view/3443